Investigation of retrospective respiratory gating techniques for acquisition of thin-slice 4D-multidetector-computed tomorgraphy (MDCT) of the lung: Feasibility study in a large animal model

Sebastian Ley, Julia Ley-Zaporozhan, Roland Unterhinninghofen, Yasuo Saito, Michael Fabel-Schulte, Oliver Weinheimer, Jens Peter Schenk, Gabor Szabo, Hans Ulrich Kauczor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Respiratory gated 3D-MDCT acquisition of the whole chest over time (4D-MDCT) allow retrospective reconstruction of raw data at any point of the respiratory cycle might be beneficial in severely ill or sedated patients. Aim of this feasibility study was to investigate 2 prototype devices as input for retrospective respiratory gating in order to calculate lung volumes (LVs) and mean lung densities (MLDs) over time. Sixteen-row MDCT data were acquired in 5 ventilated pigs using a laser sensor and charge-coupled devine (CCD) camera and retrospectively reconstructed at every 10% of the respiratory cycle. Semiautomatic segmentation of the 3D data sets was performed, and LV and MLD were calculated. Data acquisition was successful in all cases. The mean difference of LV between maximum inspiration and expiration was 246 and 240 mL (laser and CCD, respectively). The mean difference of MLD between inspiration and expiration was 70 (laser) and 67 (CCD) HU. The lowest MLD was found at the beginning of the respiratory cycle (0%) for laser, and at 90% for CCD. Both gating devices allowed for reliable 4D-MDCT image acquisition. No differences were found for calculated LV and MLD, whereas the respiratory cycle was more precisely detected using the laser based gating device.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)395-412
Number of pages18
JournalExperimental Lung Research
Volume32
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2006

Keywords

  • 4D-MDCT
  • Animal
  • Lung volume
  • Mean lung density
  • Respiratory gating
  • Retrospective

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Clinical Biochemistry

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