Investigation of incrusted pottery found in the territory of Hungary by micro-PIXE method

Gusztáv Á Sziki, Katalin T. Biró, I. Uzonyi, Erik Dobos, A. Kiss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Incrusted pottery samples from the territory of Hungary were analyzed by micro-PIXE technique. Measurements were executed on the front and back side of the samples and inside the incrustations too. We succeeded to group the pottery from different regions and periods by the composition of the ornament. It was concluded that the elemental composition of the ornament may be characteristic to the provenance of the pottery. In case of samples from Vörs-Máriaasszonysziget the presence of a kind of grit in the incrustations with high calcium and phosphorus content was established. The material of the grit is presumably bone. Samples from other archaeological localities can be described by incrustations with different compositions. Incrustations in the samples from Balatonfüzö are presumably composed of limestone (CaCO3), from Baradla cave (Aggtelek) probably of white clay paste (kaolinite). It was also concluded that the red color of the ornaments of some sample from Baradla cave is caused by hematite.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)478-482
Number of pages5
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms
Volume210
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2003

Fingerprint

Hungary
Caves
Chemical analysis
grit
Kaolin
caves
Calcium Carbonate
Kaolinite
Hematite
Ointments
Limestone
Phosphorus
Calcium
Bone
Color
kaolinite
limestone
hematite
bones
clays

Keywords

  • Incrusted pottery
  • Micro-beam
  • PIXE

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Instrumentation
  • Surfaces and Interfaces

Cite this

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AU - Biró, Katalin T.

AU - Uzonyi, I.

AU - Dobos, Erik

AU - Kiss, A.

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N2 - Incrusted pottery samples from the territory of Hungary were analyzed by micro-PIXE technique. Measurements were executed on the front and back side of the samples and inside the incrustations too. We succeeded to group the pottery from different regions and periods by the composition of the ornament. It was concluded that the elemental composition of the ornament may be characteristic to the provenance of the pottery. In case of samples from Vörs-Máriaasszonysziget the presence of a kind of grit in the incrustations with high calcium and phosphorus content was established. The material of the grit is presumably bone. Samples from other archaeological localities can be described by incrustations with different compositions. Incrustations in the samples from Balatonfüzö are presumably composed of limestone (CaCO3), from Baradla cave (Aggtelek) probably of white clay paste (kaolinite). It was also concluded that the red color of the ornaments of some sample from Baradla cave is caused by hematite.

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