Investigation of chemical composition of belemnite rostra by synchrotron-based X-ray microfluorescence and diffraction and electron microprobe

Marek Florek, Hwa Shik Youn, Chul Un Ro, Hubert Wierzbowski, J. Osán, Waldemar Kazimierczak, Andrzej Kuczumow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rostra (bullet-shaped internal shells) of two species of belemnites: Belemnopsis sp. (from Bathonian Stage sediments ∼161-166 Ma ago) and Hibolites sp. (from Middle Oxfordian sediments ∼154-157 Ma) were investigated by the use of 1B2 microfluorescence beamline in Pohang Light Source in Korea. The cross-sections of the rostra showed an ordered structure of concentric growth laminae cut across by radial calcite crystals. The inner and outer parts of the cross-section differ in the size of calcite crystals, building the block. Very fine crystals existing in the inner parts of rostra are replaced by monocrystals in their external parts. Some compounds of metallic elements such as iron and zinc are present in the calcite matrices of belemnites. Their presence is especially pronounced in the zones separating particular growth rings. The concentrations of elements in calcite matrix were calibrated by atomic absorption method and the results for alkaline elements are: for Sr ∼1000 ppm for Oxfordian specimen and ∼3000 ppm for Bathonian; for Na, ∼2000 and ∼1400 ppm; for K, ∼160 and ∼100 ppm, respectively. The synchrotron-based investigations were complemented with the electron microprobe search for low-Z elements; using this method sodium, potassium, aluminum, silicon, chlorine and sulfur were detected in the matrix. The variability of molar Mg/Ca ratio follows the optical variability of the annual growth zones of the samples, suggesting that this ratio could be used as a palaeothermometer. Possibilities of both application of the elemental data for the estimation of palaeotemperatures, and cross-checking with the isotopic data are discussed. The substantial amounts of the excess carbon were detected in the samples. They are concluded to be potentially useful for the analysis of remnants of original biological matter.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-106
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Volume362
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 14 2004

Fingerprint

Calcium Carbonate
Calcite
Synchrotrons
Diffraction
X rays
Electrons
Chemical analysis
Crystals
Sediments
Chlorine
Silicon
Aluminum
Sulfur
Potassium
Light sources
Zinc
Carbon
Iron
Sodium

Keywords

  • Belemnites
  • Biomineralization
  • Crystal growth
  • Scanning electron microscopy
  • Synchrotron radiation
  • X-ray spectroscopies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Metals and Alloys

Cite this

Investigation of chemical composition of belemnite rostra by synchrotron-based X-ray microfluorescence and diffraction and electron microprobe. / Florek, Marek; Youn, Hwa Shik; Ro, Chul Un; Wierzbowski, Hubert; Osán, J.; Kazimierczak, Waldemar; Kuczumow, Andrzej.

In: Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Vol. 362, No. 1-2, 14.01.2004, p. 99-106.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Florek, Marek ; Youn, Hwa Shik ; Ro, Chul Un ; Wierzbowski, Hubert ; Osán, J. ; Kazimierczak, Waldemar ; Kuczumow, Andrzej. / Investigation of chemical composition of belemnite rostra by synchrotron-based X-ray microfluorescence and diffraction and electron microprobe. In: Journal of Alloys and Compounds. 2004 ; Vol. 362, No. 1-2. pp. 99-106.
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AU - Florek, Marek

AU - Youn, Hwa Shik

AU - Ro, Chul Un

AU - Wierzbowski, Hubert

AU - Osán, J.

AU - Kazimierczak, Waldemar

AU - Kuczumow, Andrzej

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AB - Rostra (bullet-shaped internal shells) of two species of belemnites: Belemnopsis sp. (from Bathonian Stage sediments ∼161-166 Ma ago) and Hibolites sp. (from Middle Oxfordian sediments ∼154-157 Ma) were investigated by the use of 1B2 microfluorescence beamline in Pohang Light Source in Korea. The cross-sections of the rostra showed an ordered structure of concentric growth laminae cut across by radial calcite crystals. The inner and outer parts of the cross-section differ in the size of calcite crystals, building the block. Very fine crystals existing in the inner parts of rostra are replaced by monocrystals in their external parts. Some compounds of metallic elements such as iron and zinc are present in the calcite matrices of belemnites. Their presence is especially pronounced in the zones separating particular growth rings. The concentrations of elements in calcite matrix were calibrated by atomic absorption method and the results for alkaline elements are: for Sr ∼1000 ppm for Oxfordian specimen and ∼3000 ppm for Bathonian; for Na, ∼2000 and ∼1400 ppm; for K, ∼160 and ∼100 ppm, respectively. The synchrotron-based investigations were complemented with the electron microprobe search for low-Z elements; using this method sodium, potassium, aluminum, silicon, chlorine and sulfur were detected in the matrix. The variability of molar Mg/Ca ratio follows the optical variability of the annual growth zones of the samples, suggesting that this ratio could be used as a palaeothermometer. Possibilities of both application of the elemental data for the estimation of palaeotemperatures, and cross-checking with the isotopic data are discussed. The substantial amounts of the excess carbon were detected in the samples. They are concluded to be potentially useful for the analysis of remnants of original biological matter.

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KW - Synchrotron radiation

KW - X-ray spectroscopies

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