Investigation of binding mechanism of novel 8-substituted coumarin derivatives with human serum albumin and α-1-glycoprotein

Daniel Pushpa Raju Yeggoni, Darla Mark Manidhar, Cirandur Suresh Reddy, S. Rajagopal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)


Coumarin molecules have biological activities possessing lipid-controlling activity, anti-hepatitis C activity, anti-diabetic, anti-Parkinson activity, and anti-cancer activity. Here, we have presented an inclusive study on the interaction of 8-substituted-7-hydroxy coumarin derivatives (Umb-1/Umb-2) with α-1-glycoprotein (AGP) and human serum albumin (HSA) which are the major carrier proteins in the human blood plasma. Binding constants obtained from fluorescence emission data were found to be KUmb-1=3.1 ± .01 × 104 M−1, KUmb-2 = 7 ± .01 × 104 M−1, which corresponds to −6.1 and −6.5 kcal/mol of free energy for Umb-1 and Umb-2, respectively, suggesting that these derivatives bind strongly to HSA. Also these molecules bind to AGP with binding constants of KUmb-1-AGP=3.1 ± .01 × 103 M−1 and KUmb-2-AGP = 4.6 ± .01 × 103 M−1. Further, the distance, r between the donor (HSA) and acceptor (Umb-1/Umb-2) was calculated based on the Forster’s theory of non-radiation energy transfer and the values were observed to be 1.14 and 1.29 nm in Umb-1–HSA and Umb-2–HSA system, respectively. The protein secondary structure of HSA was partially unfolded upon binding of Umb-1 and Umb-2. Furthermore, site displacement experiments with lidocaine, phenylbutazone (IIA), and ibuprofen (IIIA) proves that Umb derivatives significantly bind to subdomain IIIA of HSA which is further supported by docking studies. Furthermore, Umb-1 binds to LYS402 with one hydrogen bond distance of 2.8 Å and Umb-2 binds to GLU354 with one hydrogen bond at a distance of 2.0 Å. Moreover, these molecules are stabilized by hydrophobic interactions and hydrogen bond between the hydroxyl groups of carbon-3 of coumarin derivatives.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Apr 29 2016


  • binding affinity
  • circular dichroism spectroscopy
  • coumarin derivatives
  • fluorescence emission
  • molecular docking
  • protein-ligand interaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Structural Biology

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