Our aim was to investigate the ecological association between death from infectious disease of the respiratory system and the risk of acute lymphoid leukaemia (ALL) in children aged less than 7 years. Poisson regression analyses were carried out using overall data and gender-specific models. The study included 176 cases (92(52.3 %) boys and 84 (47.7 %) girls) of ALL in those aged 0–6 years in South Hungary. Eight cases were diagnosed before the age of 1 year. A significant risk of ALL disease was observed with higher levels of mortality from the chronic respiratory diseases (p = 0.035) and pneumonia (p = 0.010) among children aged 2–5 years (Odds Ratio for trend was 1.001 and 95%CI [1.000–1.002] and Odds ratio for trend was 1.013 and 95%CI [1.003–1.023], respectively). Significantly increased risk of childhood ALL was detected among children under 1 year of age residing in areas around birth with higher levels of mortality from influenza (Odds Ratio (OR) for trend was 1.05; 95%CI [1.01–1.09]; p = 0.012). This risk was also detected in girls (p < 0.001), but not in boys (p = 0.43). Our findings provide new evidence that will help to understand the different pattern of female and male childhood ALL occurrence , but further studies are needed using detailed individual medical history to clarify the role of influenza and other infectious diseases in the etiology of childhood ALL and to explain gender-specific effects.
- Childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia
- Deaths from respiratory infections
- Gender-specific difference
- Poisson regression
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Cancer Research