Investigating magnetic activity in very stable stellar magnetic fields: Long-term photometric and spectroscopic study of the fully convective M4 dwarf V374 Pegasi

K. Vida, L. Kriskovics, K. Oláh, M. Leitzinger, P. Odert, Z. Kővári, H. Korhonen, R. Greimel, R. Robb, B. Csák, J. Kovács

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The ultrafast-rotating (Prot ≈ 0.44 d) fully convective single M4 dwarf V374 Peg is a well-known laboratory for studying intense stellar activity in a stable magnetic topology. As an observable proxy for the stellar magnetic field, we study the stability of the light curve, hence the spot configuration. We also measure the occurrence rate of flares and coronal mass ejections (CMEs). We have analysed spectroscopic observations, BV(RI)C photometry covering 5 yrs, and additional RC photometry that expands the temporal base over 16 yr. The light curve suggests an almost rigid-body rotation and a spot configuration that is stable over about 16 yrs, confirming the previous indications of a very stable magnetic field. We observed small changes on a nightly timescale and frequent flaring, including a possible sympathetic flare. The strongest flares seem to be more concentrated around the phase where the light curve indicates a smaller active region. Spectral data suggest a complex CME with falling-back and re-ejected material with a maximal projected velocity of ∼675 km s-1. We observed a CME rate that is much lower than expected from extrapolations of the solar flare-CME relation to active stars.

Original languageEnglish
Article number27925
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Volume590
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 28 2016

Fingerprint

stellar magnetic fields
coronal mass ejection
flares
light curve
magnetic field
photometry
stellar activity
rigid structures
solar flares
configurations
falling
topology
extrapolation
indication
coverings
occurrences
timescale
stars
magnetic fields
rate

Keywords

  • Stars: activity
  • Stars: flare
  • Stars: individual: V374 Peg
  • Stars: late-type
  • Stars: low-mass
  • Starspots

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Investigating magnetic activity in very stable stellar magnetic fields : Long-term photometric and spectroscopic study of the fully convective M4 dwarf V374 Pegasi. / Vida, K.; Kriskovics, L.; Oláh, K.; Leitzinger, M.; Odert, P.; Kővári, Z.; Korhonen, H.; Greimel, R.; Robb, R.; Csák, B.; Kovács, J.

In: Astronomy and Astrophysics, Vol. 590, 27925, 28.04.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Vida, K. ; Kriskovics, L. ; Oláh, K. ; Leitzinger, M. ; Odert, P. ; Kővári, Z. ; Korhonen, H. ; Greimel, R. ; Robb, R. ; Csák, B. ; Kovács, J. / Investigating magnetic activity in very stable stellar magnetic fields : Long-term photometric and spectroscopic study of the fully convective M4 dwarf V374 Pegasi. In: Astronomy and Astrophysics. 2016 ; Vol. 590.
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AU - Kővári, Z.

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