Inverse relationship between esr spin trapping of oxyradicals and degree of functional recovery during myocardial reperfusion in isolated working rat heart

Ingolf E. Blasig, Bernd Ebert, Carmen Hennig, Tibor Pali, Arpad Tosaki

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Study objective - The aim of the study was to investigate the generation of free oxyradicals as factors in myocardial ischaemia-reperfusion pathology.Design - Isolated perfused rat hearts were subjected to 30 min global ischaemia followed by reperfusion. The spin trap 5,5-dimethyl-l-pyrroline-1-oxide was added to the effluent of the heart to avoid pharmacological interaction with the heart. The effluent was then analysed by electron spin resonance spectroscopy.Materials - Studies were performed on hearts of 51 male Sprague-Dawley rats, weight 300-350 g.Measurements and results - During reperfusion, the formation of hydroxyl radical adducts of the trap was observed, with a maximal value after 3 min. The initial amount of radicals trapped during the first 3 min of reperfusion showed an inverse correlation with the degree of heart function restored within 30 min of reperfusion. Spearman's rank correlation coefficients were calculated to be -0.734 for heart rate, -0.825 for left ventricular developed pressure, -0.787 for the maximum of its first derivative, -0.787 for coronary flow, and -0.796 for aortic flow (p<0.05, n = 10, in each instance). No statistically significant correlation was found between the cumulative amount of radicals trapped in the effluent during the initial phase of reperfusion and the duration of ventricular fibrillation, duration of ventricular tachycardia, or number of ventricular ectopic beats (registered during 30 min reperfusion).Conclusions - The application of spin trapping to the effluent of isolated perfused hearts allows the generation of oxyradicals to be characterised without interaction of the trap with the heart. It also allows the time course of radical production to be investigated, and can detect relative changes in their intensity. These are important factors in the study of the pathogenic role of free radicals generated during reperfusion of an ischaemic heart.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)263-270
Number of pages8
JournalCardiovascular research
Volume24
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1990

Keywords

  • Arrhythmias
  • Electron spin resonance
  • Free radicals
  • Functional recovery
  • Isolated rat heart
  • Spin trapping

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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