Introduction of a new fetal examination protocol for on-field and clinical equine practice

Boglárka Vincze, F. Baska, Márton Papp, O. Szenci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Prepartum fetal surveillance techniques have been widely used in both human and veterinary obstetrics, although these tests differ in their sensitivity for the assessment of fetal well-being. In equine reproduction, the ‘gold standard’ examination technique is the equine biophysical profile (EBP) described by Virginia Reef in 1995. Although this fetal assessment has many benefits, its accuracy, sensitivity and specificity have not been evaluated so far. In this study, 129 late-term pregnant mares were scanned twice in their last month of gestation using two different protocols (the EBP and a new, rapid examination protocol, REP) in order to determine the accuracy of these tests. The REP included the determination of fetal heart rate, fetal aortic diameter and the combined thickness of the uteroplacental unit. Twenty-seven fetuses proved to be compromised and 102 mares had healthy asymptomatic foals. Statistical analyses showed slight differences in test sensitivity (81.48% and 85.19%), specificity (83.3% and 87.25%) and accuracy (82.95% and 86.82%) for EBP and REP, respectively. Furthermore, a statistically significant interchangeability could be demonstrated between the two methods. It is concluded that, depending on the prevalence of the disease (here: compromised state), both methods are useful for the diagnosis of fetal abnormalities and make it possible to provide satisfactory care for broodmares and their fetuses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)210-215
Number of pages6
JournalTheriogenology
Volume125
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2019

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Horses
mares
horses
fetus
Fetus
Fetal Heart Rate
disease prevalence
testing
methodology
foals
gold
Obstetrics
Reproduction
heart rate
reefs
pregnancy
Sensitivity and Specificity
Pregnancy
monitoring

Keywords

  • Biophysical profile
  • Equine
  • Fetal well-being
  • Rapid examination protocol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Small Animals
  • Food Animals
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Equine

Cite this

Introduction of a new fetal examination protocol for on-field and clinical equine practice. / Vincze, Boglárka; Baska, F.; Papp, Márton; Szenci, O.

In: Theriogenology, Vol. 125, 01.02.2019, p. 210-215.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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