The molecular structure of 2,5-dihydroxyterephthalaldehyde has been determined from a joint electron diffraction/ab initio investigation, and the molecular structure of 4,6-dihydroxyisophthalaldehyde has been obtained from ab initio calculations at the MP2/6-31G* level. There is considerable intramolecular hydrogen bonding in these structures manifested by the O⋯H and O⋯O distances as well as by the structural changes in the rest of the molecule. These changes are consistent with the notion of resonance-assisted hydrogen bonding. The hydrogen bonding is somewhat stronger in 4,6-dihydroxyisophthalaldehyde than in 2,5-dihydroxyterephthalaldehyde, and this difference may be linked to the difference in the mutual positioning of the interacting formyl and hydroxy groups in these molecules.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry