We report on the design, synthesis, and characterization of a new class of multichromophoric cavitands based on resorcinarenes. The novel compounds have exhibited high values of second-order nonlinear optical (NLO) properties, as evidenced by electric-field-induced second harmonic generation (EFISHG) measurements. Theoretical calculations indicate the presence of edge-to-face T-shaped interactions between the aromatic building blocks within these multichromophoric systems, which is further supported by the detection of hypsochromic shifts in UV-vis and upfield aromatic chemical shifts in 1H NMR. We proved for the first time that the gain in the quadratic hyperpolarizabilities of multichromophoric NLO macrocycles, originating from the near parallel orientations of the subchromophores, can be partially suppressed if the distance between the dipolar subunits falls into a specific range, where intramolecular cooperative and/or collective effects are operative. Our finding will contribute to the better understanding of the phenomenon of cooperativity in new molecular materials with promising NLO properties. (Figure Presented).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films