Intra-arterial preoperative cytostatic treatment versus preoperative irradiation: A prospective, randomized study of lingual and sublingual carcinomas

George Szabó, Joachim Kreidler, Karl Hollmann, Adam Kovács, George Németh, Zsolt Németh, Zoltán Tóth-Bagi, Joseph Barabás

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15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND. For several decades, both preoperative intra-arterial chemotherapy and preoperative irradiation have been accepted treatments for patients with tumors of the head and neck. Unfortunately, arguments have often been put forward in favor of one or other of the two methods, but without the performance of an objective, randomized investigation. To resolve this situation, the authors have carried out a multicenter, randomized prospective study of selected patients with a view to deciding which method affords better results in complex tumor therapy from the aspects of survival and postoperative quality of life. METHODS. One hundred thirty-one patients with operable sublingual or lingual squamous cell carcinoma in stages T2NXMO to T4MXM0 were randomized into 2 groups: 1 group participated in preoperative chemotherapy with cisplatin and epirubicin (total doses: 200 mg cisplatin, 120 mg epirubicin) via the external carotid artery, whereas the other group received preoperative radiation therapy (46 grays). Following subsequent radical surgery, the patients received regular follow-up for 5 years. RESULTS. By the end of the 5 years, 95 of the 131 patients had conformed to the protocol. Of those 95, 47 had received preoperative chemotherapy and 48 preoperative irradiation. After 5 years, 18 of the 47 patients who received chemotherapy and 15 of the 48 patients who received irradiation were still alive and tumor free. A few more patients had died of recurrence or regional metastasis in the chemotherapy group (23 patients) than in the irradiation group (20 patients). Occurrence of a second carcinoma was 3 times as frequent in the irradiation group (9 patients) as in the chemotherapy group (3 patients). Overall, the survival rates were by-and-large the same for the two groups. Regarding postoperative quality of life, the chemotherapy group presented a more favorable picture. CONCLUSIONS. The long term survival results subsequent to preoperative intraarterial chemotherapy or preoperative radiotherapy were practically the same. Regarding postoperative quality of life, patients who underwent intra-arterial chemotherapy appeared to be in a slightly more favorable situation. The authors consider it important to stress these findings, as they are not aware of a similar randomized study of patients with tumors of the oral cavity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1381-1386
Number of pages6
JournalCancer
Volume86
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 15 1999

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Keywords

  • Head and neck cancer
  • Intra-arterial chemotherapy
  • Long term survival
  • Preoperative irradiation
  • Quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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