The aim of this narrative review is to provide an overview of current research on interoception. An introduction to the challenges of defining interoception, as well as interoceptive modalities and dimensions, is followed by a description of theoretical and practical problems concerning its assessment. After presenting the neurological foundations of interoception, three main topics are discussed, based on the empirical findings of heartbeat perception research: (1) interoception and emotions, (2) interoception and continuity and development of the self, (3) the stability and malleability of interoceptive sensitivity. We attempt to integrate the theoretical accounts of adaptive and maladaptive aspects of interoception. Finally, we present some contemporary models that could influence the future of interoception research.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
- Psychiatry and Mental health