Interleukin-6 released from differentiating human beige adipocytes improves browning

Endre Kristóf, Ágnes Klusóczki, Roland Veress, Abhirup Shaw, Zsolt Sándor Combi, Klára Varga, Ferenc Győry, Zoltán Balajthy, Péter Bai, Zsolt Bacso, László Fésüs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)


Brown and beige adipocytes contribute significantly to the regulation of whole body energy expenditure and systemic metabolic homeostasis not exclusively by thermogenesis through mitochondrial uncoupling. Several studies have provided evidence in rodents that brown and beige adipocytes produce a set of adipokines („batokines”) which regulate local tissue homeostasis and have beneficial effects on physiological functions of the entire body. We observed elevated secretion of Interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8 and monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1, but not tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) or IL-1β pro-inflammatory cytokines, by ex vivo differentiating human beige adipocytes (induced by either PPARγ agonist or irisin) compared to white. Higher levels of IL-6, IL-8 and MCP-1 were released from human deep neck adipose tissue biopsies (enriched in browning cells) than from subcutaneous ones. IL-6 was produced in a sustained manner and mostly by the adipocytes and not by the undifferentiated progenitors. Continuous blocking of IL-6 receptor by specific antibody during beige differentiation resulted in downregulation of brown marker genes and increased morphological changes that are characteristic of white adipocytes. The data suggest that beige adipocytes adjust their production of IL-6 to reach an optimal level for differentiation in the medium enhancing browning in an autocrine manner.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-55
Number of pages9
JournalExperimental Cell Research
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 15 2019


  • Batokine
  • Beige adipocyte
  • Interleukin-6
  • Obesity
  • Thermogenesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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