Interference of the sulphonylurea antidiabeticum gliquidone with mitochondrial bioenergetics in the rat under in vitro conditions

J. Somogyi, A. Ver, G. Troja, E. Vegh, C. Buhler, F. Hatfaludi, P. Csermely, S. Popovic

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Abstract

The hypoglycaemic sulphonylurea gliquidone and glibenclamide exerted a partial uncoupling effect on mitochondrial respiration of liver under in vitro conditions using various citrate cycle intermediates as substrates. Besides the uncoupling effect, gliquidone and glibenclamide caused a direct inhibition of ATP - as well as DNP - stimulated oxygen consumption. Both phenomena proved to be dose dependent. Respiratory control ratio decreased progressively with increasing concentrations of sulphonylureas mainly through the inhibition of ADP-stimulated respiration. Basal and DNP-stimulated ATP-ase activity of isolated mitochondria changed similarly to the respiratory parameters. Changes in membrane permeability of mitochondria and the inhibition of substrate uptake further support the assumption of structural and functional alteration of mitochondria by the hypoglycaemic compounds tested.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)299-312
Number of pages14
JournalActa physiologica Hungarica
Volume83
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 1995

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Keywords

  • ATP-ase
  • glibenclamide
  • gliquidone
  • mitochondrial bioenergetics
  • mitochondrial swelling
  • respiration
  • substrate uptake
  • sulphonylurea antidiabetica

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology (medical)

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