Interdisciplinarity and impact: Distinct effects of variety, balance, and disparity

Jian Wang, Bart Thijs, W. Glänzel

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Interdisciplinary research is increasingly recognized as the solution to today's challenging scientific and societal problems, but the relationship between interdisciplinary research and scientific impact is still unclear. This paper studies the relationship between interdisciplinarity and citations at the paper level. Different from previous literature compositing various aspects of interdisciplinarity into a single indicator, this paper uses factor analysis to uncover distinct aspects of interdisciplinarity and investigates their independent dynamics with scientific impact. Three uncovered factors correspond to variety, balance, and disparity. Subsequently, we estimate Poisson models with journal fixed effects and robust standard errors to investigate the relationship between these three factor and citations. We find that the number of citations (1) increase at an increasing rate with variety, (2) decrease with balance, and (3) increase at a decreasing rate with disparity. These findings have important implications for interdisciplinarity research and science policy.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of ISSI 2015 Istanbul
Subtitle of host publication15th International Society of Scientometrics and Informetrics Conference
EditorsAlbert Ali Salah, Alkim Almila Akdag Salah, Cassidy Sugimoto, Umut Al, Yasar Tonta
PublisherBogazici Universitesi
Pages460-468
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9789755183817
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2015
Event15th International Society of Scientometrics and Informetrics Conference, ISSI 2015 - Istanbul, Turkey
Duration: Jun 29 2015Jul 4 2015

Publication series

NameProceedings of ISSI 2015 Istanbul: 15th International Society of Scientometrics and Informetrics Conference

Conference

Conference15th International Society of Scientometrics and Informetrics Conference, ISSI 2015
CountryTurkey
CityIstanbul
Period6/29/157/4/15

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics and Probability
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Management Science and Operations Research

Cite this

Wang, J., Thijs, B., & Glänzel, W. (2015). Interdisciplinarity and impact: Distinct effects of variety, balance, and disparity. In A. A. Salah, A. A. A. Salah, C. Sugimoto, U. Al, & Y. Tonta (Eds.), Proceedings of ISSI 2015 Istanbul: 15th International Society of Scientometrics and Informetrics Conference (pp. 460-468). (Proceedings of ISSI 2015 Istanbul: 15th International Society of Scientometrics and Informetrics Conference). Bogazici Universitesi.