Interactions between the kynurenine and the endocannabinoid system with special emphasis on migraine

Gábor Nagy-Grócz, Ferenc Zádor, Szabolcs Dvorácskó, Zsuzsanna Bohár, Sándor Benyhe, Csaba Tömböly, Árpád Párdutz, László Vécsei

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

9 Citations (Scopus)


Both the kynurenine and the endocannabinoid systems are involved in several neurological disorders, such as migraine and there are increasing number of reports demonstrating that there are interactions of two systems. Although their cooperation has not yet been implicated in migraine, there are reports suggesting this possibility. Additionally, the individual role of the endocannabinoid and kynurenine system in migraine is reviewed here first, focusing on endocannabinoids, kynurenine metabolites, in particular kynurenic acid. Finally, the function of NMDA and cannabinoid receptors in the trigeminal system—which has a crucial role in the pathomechanisms of migraine—will also be discussed. The interaction of the endocannabinoid and kynurenine system has been demonstrated to be therapeutically relevant in a number of pathological conditions, such as cannabis addiction, psychosis, schizophrenia and epilepsy. Accordingly, the cross-talk of these two systems may imply potential mechanisms related to migraine, and may offer new approaches to manage the treatment of this neurological disorder.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1617
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2017


  • Cannabinoid receptors
  • Cannabinoids
  • Endocannabinoids
  • Kynurenines
  • Migraine
  • Opioids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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