Interactions between plant hormones and thiol-related heavy metal chelators

Magda Pál, T. Janda, G. Szalai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Upon toxic metal stress numerous defence mechanisms have been induced, including the synthesis of metal-binding ligands and plant hormones or plant growth regulators in plants. As several elements in the promoter region of the heavy metal-responsive genes can be activated by plant hormones and growth regulators, understanding and revealing possible and special relationships between these regulator compounds and the metal chelator phytochelatins, which are in the first line of heavy metal defence mechanism is of great important. Phytochelatins are synthetized from glutathione and have a structure of [(γ-Glu-Cys)n]-Gly, where n is the number of repetition of the (γ-Glu-Cys) units. Evidences for the role of PCs in heavy metal tolerance are very strong; however, little information is available on how plant growth regulators influence the phytochelatin synthesis at molecular or even gene expression level. In the present review we provide an overview of the role and synthesis of phytochelatins in metal-tolerance mechanism from a new point of view, i.e. their relation to the plant growth regulator molecules, with special regard also on those cases, when close direct relationship exists because of the partly overlapped synthesis pathways of plant growth regulators and glutathione/phytochelatins.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalPlant Growth Regulation
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Mar 26 2018

Keywords

  • Heavy metal
  • Phytochelatin
  • Plant growth regulators
  • Plant hormones
  • Thiols

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science

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