Interactions between iodinated contrast media and tissue plasminogen activator: In vitro comparison study

Eszter Vörös, László Deres, Róbert Halmosi, Edit Várady, Kálmán Tóth, István Battyáni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Iodinated contrast media (Xenetix®, Ultravist®, Omnipaque®, Visipaque® and Iomeron®) used for computed tomography (CT) may decrease fibrinolysis by recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA). We hypothesized that receiving iodinated contrast media before rt-PA may impair thrombolysis as measured by a new model system. METHODS: Whole blood from Wistar Kyoto rats (n = 10) was obtained and allowed to form blood clots. Thrombolysis was performed by placing individually the prepared clots into 15 mL tubes and adding 5 mL saline buffer, 100μg rt-PA and a different contrast media; adjusting the quantity of iodine to either 30 mg or 60 mg. The thrombolytic efficacy was quantified by measuring the optical density (OD415) of the supernatant at different time points, namely at 0, 30, 60, and 90 min. RESULTS: There was a significant decrease in clot lysis efficiency observed in presence of iodine containing contrast media comparing to positive control group. Moreover, when the quantity of iodine was increased from 30 mg to 60 mg; the dissolution rate downturned with additional ∼50. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, our study suggests that high dose of iodine potentially could negatively affect the efficiency of the thrombolytic therapy performed by rt-PA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)167-174
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
Volume66
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2017

Keywords

  • computed tomography
  • Contrast media
  • rt-PA
  • thrombolytic therapy
  • thrombus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Hematology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Interactions between iodinated contrast media and tissue plasminogen activator: In vitro comparison study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this