It is now well established that the interaction of tumour cells with elastin is important during invasion and metastasis. This is due to the fact that the elastin receptor complex is widely expressed by tumour cells and is overexpressed in highly metastatic variants. There is evidence that the elastin receptor complex is associated with a signal system involving G proteins, phospholipase C, the phosphoinositol cycle and protein kinase C. Therefore, activation of the elastin receptor system results in activation of protein kinase C-dependent cellular processes such as enzyme secretion and migration. Accordingly, soluble elastin can be used in vivo to interfere with tumour cell dissemination into elastin-rich tissues such as lung, skin or blood vessels. The importance of elastin-tumour cell interactions is emphasized by the observation that the 67 kDa receptor for laminin may well be identical to the 67 kDa elastin receptor of the elastin receptor complex. Interference with the function of this receptor system by the use of both laminin peptides and elastin ligands may provide the basis for a novel and more powerful antimetastatic intervention.
|Pages (from-to)||321-335; discussion 335-337|
|Journal||Ciba Foundation symposium|
|Publication status||Published - 1995|
ASJC Scopus subject areas