A reactive interface in the form of an autocatalytic reaction front propagating in a bulk phase can generate a dynamic contact line upon reaching the free surface when a surface tension gradient builds up due to the change in chemical composition. Experiments in microgravity evidence the existence of a self-organized autonomous and localized coupling of a pure Marangoni flow along the surface with the reaction in the bulk. This dynamics results from the advancement of the contact line at the surface that acts as a moving source of the reaction, leading to the reorientation of the front propagation. Microgravity conditions allow one to isolate the transition regime during which the surface propagation is enhanced, whereas diffusion remains the main mode of transport in the bulk with negligible convective mixing, a regime typically concealed on Earth because of buoyancy-driven convection.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)