Interaction of formin FH2 with skeletal muscle actin. EPR and DSC studies

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Abstract

Formins are highly conserved proteins that are essential in the formation and regulation of the actin cytoskeleton. The formin homology 2 (FH2) domain is responsible for actin binding and acts as an important nucleating factor in eukaryotic cells. In this work EPR and DSC were used to investigate the properties of the mDia1-FH2 formin fragment and its interaction with actin. MDia1-FH2 was labeled with a maleimide spin probe (MSL). EPR results suggested that the MSL was attached to a single SH group in the FH2. In DSC and temperature-dependent EPR experiments we observed that mDia1-FH2 has a flexible structure and observed a major temperature-induced conformational change at 41 C. The results also confirmed the previous observation obtained by fluorescence methods that formin binding can destabilize the structure of actin filaments. In the EPR experiments the intermolecular connection between the monomers of formin dimers proved to be flexible. Considering the complex molecular mechanisms underlying the cellular roles of formins this internal flexibility of the dimers is probably important for manifestation of their biological functions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)757-765
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Biophysics Journal
Volume42
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2013

Keywords

  • Actin
  • Cytoskeleton
  • Electron paramagnetic resonance
  • Formin
  • Maleimido-TEMPO
  • Protein conformation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics

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