Interaction between silica nanoparticles in binary liquid mixtures: The effect of polarity on adhesion

Ibolya Regdon, Imre Dékány

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In order to explore the relationship between selective liquid sorption and the stability of dispersed silica particles, we carried out studies in ethanol-cyclohexane binary mixtures as well as in partially miscible 1-butanol-water mixtures. In ethanol-cyclohexane, adsorption excess isotherms were determined on hydrophilic and hydrophobic aerosil particles. The volume and the thickness of the adsorption layer were derived from the isotherms. Knowing the layer thickness and Hamaker constants, interparticle interaction potentials were calculated at various mixture compositions. At low ethanol concentration, where hydrophilic surfaces are considerably enriched in ethanol, interparticle interaction is enhanced and the high shear stress calculated from rheological measurements indicates the development of a three-dimensional network of aggregated particles. In contrast, hydrophobic aerosil particles in ethanol-cyclohexane approach each other without ensuing aggregation because interparticle interactions are weak, a fact well demonstrated by rheological measurements. It was also established that interactions between silica particles with hydrophilic surfaces are weak in butanol-water mixtures. Since water is preferentially adsorbed on the surface of hydrophilic particles to the azeotropic composition (x1a = 0.62), within this wide composition range the Hamaker constant of the interfacial layer is identical with that of water.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)845-851
Number of pages7
JournalColloid and Polymer Science
Volume281
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2003

Keywords

  • Adsorption from liquids
  • Colloid stability
  • Hamaker constant
  • Rheological properties
  • Silica nanoparticles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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