Interaction between elevated temperature and different types of Na-salicylate treatment in Brachypodium dystachion

Tibor Janda, Magdalena Anna Lejmel, Anna Borbála Molnár, Imre Majláth, Magda Pál, Quang Trung Nguyen, Ngoc Tung Nguyen, Van Nhan Le, Gabriella Szalai

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Abstract

Salicylic acid (SA) plays a role in several physiological processes in plants. Exogenously applied SA is a promising tool to reduce stress sensitivity. However, the mode of action may depend on how the treatment was performed and environmental conditions may alter the effects of SA. In the present study the physiological and biochemical effects of different modes of application (soaking seeds prior sowing; spraying leaves with 0.5 mM NaSA) were compared at normal and moderately elevated temperatures (4 h; 35°C) in Brachypodium distachyon (L.) P. Beauv. plants. While soaking the seeds stimulated plant growth, spraying caused mild stress, as indicated by the chlorophyll-a fluorescence induction parameters and changes in certain protective compounds, such as glutathione, flavonoids or antioxidant enzymes. Elevated temperature also caused an increase in the glutathione-S-transferase activity, and this increase was more pronounced in plants pre-treated with NaSA. Both seed soaking or spraying with NaSA and exposure to heat treatment at 35°C reduced the abscisic acid levels in the leaves. In contrast to abscisic acid, the jasmonic acid level in the leaves were increased by both spraying and heat treatment. The present results suggest that different modes of application may induce different physiological processes, after which plants respond differently to heat treatment. Since these results were obtained with a model plants, further experiments are required to clarify how these changes occur in crop plants, especially in cereals.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0227608
JournalPloS one
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2020

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

Cite this

Janda, T., Lejmel, M. A., Molnár, A. B., Majláth, I., Pál, M., Nguyen, Q. T., Nguyen, N. T., Le, V. N., & Szalai, G. (2020). Interaction between elevated temperature and different types of Na-salicylate treatment in Brachypodium dystachion. PloS one, 15(1), [e0227608]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0227608