Inter- and intraspecific variation in the genitalia of the 'Melitaea phoebe group' (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae)

János P. Tóth, Z. Varga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The ecology and phylogeny of the Melitaeini butterflies have received considerable attention in the last few years. Several publications have been based on research using molecular methods. Genital morphometry has already been published on two sibling species but without any accompanying taxonomic revision of related species or their intraspecific taxonomy. In this study the morphology of genitalia was analysed by landmark-based geometric morphometrics in males and by traditional morphometrics in females. Based on these morphological characters, the whole M. phoebe group (subg. Cinclidia) was revised. According to our results M. telona Fruhstorfer, 1908 is conspecific with M. 'phoebe' ornata Christoph, 1893. Thus, we consider M. telona a junior synonym of M. ornata, and we propose new combinations: M. ornata ornata Christoph, 1893, M. ornata telona Fruhstorfer, 1908, M. ornata amanica Rebel, 1917, M. ornata capreola Varga, 1967, M. ornata emipunica Verity, 1919, M. ornata enoch Higgins, 1941, M. ornata kovacsi Varga, 1967, M. ornata nigrogygia Verity, 1938, M. ornata ogygia Fruhstorfer, 1907 and M. ornata totila Stauder, 1914 based on the rule of priority. The validity of the species status of M. punica and M. scotosia was confirmed, whereas M. sibina and M. pseudosibina could not be separated from M. phoebe using morphometrics. A new species from Iran (Zagros Mts.) was described as M. zagrosi sp. n. In addition, the whole geographical range of M. ornata was reconsidered and some biogeographical connections were discussed. In M. ornata four morphotypes were found based on genitalia: 1. 'Western type': including the Italian, Hungarian and SW Ukrainian populations; 2. 'Eastern type': with a much extended distribution ranging from the Balkan Peninsula through Asia Minor to Kazakhstan; 3. 'The Levant type' (= M. ornata telona comb. nov.); 4. 'Northern Iranian type' (Kopeth Dagh and Elburz Mts.). The distribution of these morphotypes can be attributed to historic separation in distinct glacial refugia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)258-268
Number of pages11
JournalZoologischer Anzeiger
Volume250
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2011

Fingerprint

Phoebe
Nymphalidae
interspecific variation
genitalia
Lepidoptera
Punica
Kazakhstan
Balkans
sibling species
morphometry
taxonomic revisions
refuge habitats
butterflies
new combination
Iran
taxonomy
ecology
new species
phylogeny
intraspecific variation

Keywords

  • Biogeographic subdivision
  • Identification key
  • Melitaea
  • Melitaea ornata stat. revid.
  • Morphometrics
  • Palaearctic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology

Cite this

Inter- and intraspecific variation in the genitalia of the 'Melitaea phoebe group' (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae). / Tóth, János P.; Varga, Z.

In: Zoologischer Anzeiger, Vol. 250, No. 3, 09.2011, p. 258-268.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{51fbf987a02a4efc9a64a688cb41ca7f,
title = "Inter- and intraspecific variation in the genitalia of the 'Melitaea phoebe group' (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae)",
abstract = "The ecology and phylogeny of the Melitaeini butterflies have received considerable attention in the last few years. Several publications have been based on research using molecular methods. Genital morphometry has already been published on two sibling species but without any accompanying taxonomic revision of related species or their intraspecific taxonomy. In this study the morphology of genitalia was analysed by landmark-based geometric morphometrics in males and by traditional morphometrics in females. Based on these morphological characters, the whole M. phoebe group (subg. Cinclidia) was revised. According to our results M. telona Fruhstorfer, 1908 is conspecific with M. 'phoebe' ornata Christoph, 1893. Thus, we consider M. telona a junior synonym of M. ornata, and we propose new combinations: M. ornata ornata Christoph, 1893, M. ornata telona Fruhstorfer, 1908, M. ornata amanica Rebel, 1917, M. ornata capreola Varga, 1967, M. ornata emipunica Verity, 1919, M. ornata enoch Higgins, 1941, M. ornata kovacsi Varga, 1967, M. ornata nigrogygia Verity, 1938, M. ornata ogygia Fruhstorfer, 1907 and M. ornata totila Stauder, 1914 based on the rule of priority. The validity of the species status of M. punica and M. scotosia was confirmed, whereas M. sibina and M. pseudosibina could not be separated from M. phoebe using morphometrics. A new species from Iran (Zagros Mts.) was described as M. zagrosi sp. n. In addition, the whole geographical range of M. ornata was reconsidered and some biogeographical connections were discussed. In M. ornata four morphotypes were found based on genitalia: 1. 'Western type': including the Italian, Hungarian and SW Ukrainian populations; 2. 'Eastern type': with a much extended distribution ranging from the Balkan Peninsula through Asia Minor to Kazakhstan; 3. 'The Levant type' (= M. ornata telona comb. nov.); 4. 'Northern Iranian type' (Kopeth Dagh and Elburz Mts.). The distribution of these morphotypes can be attributed to historic separation in distinct glacial refugia.",
keywords = "Biogeographic subdivision, Identification key, Melitaea, Melitaea ornata stat. revid., Morphometrics, Palaearctic",
author = "T{\'o}th, {J{\'a}nos P.} and Z. Varga",
year = "2011",
month = "9",
doi = "10.1016/j.jcz.2011.05.002",
language = "English",
volume = "250",
pages = "258--268",
journal = "Zoologischer Anzeiger",
issn = "0044-5231",
publisher = "Urban und Fischer Verlag Jena",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Inter- and intraspecific variation in the genitalia of the 'Melitaea phoebe group' (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae)

AU - Tóth, János P.

AU - Varga, Z.

PY - 2011/9

Y1 - 2011/9

N2 - The ecology and phylogeny of the Melitaeini butterflies have received considerable attention in the last few years. Several publications have been based on research using molecular methods. Genital morphometry has already been published on two sibling species but without any accompanying taxonomic revision of related species or their intraspecific taxonomy. In this study the morphology of genitalia was analysed by landmark-based geometric morphometrics in males and by traditional morphometrics in females. Based on these morphological characters, the whole M. phoebe group (subg. Cinclidia) was revised. According to our results M. telona Fruhstorfer, 1908 is conspecific with M. 'phoebe' ornata Christoph, 1893. Thus, we consider M. telona a junior synonym of M. ornata, and we propose new combinations: M. ornata ornata Christoph, 1893, M. ornata telona Fruhstorfer, 1908, M. ornata amanica Rebel, 1917, M. ornata capreola Varga, 1967, M. ornata emipunica Verity, 1919, M. ornata enoch Higgins, 1941, M. ornata kovacsi Varga, 1967, M. ornata nigrogygia Verity, 1938, M. ornata ogygia Fruhstorfer, 1907 and M. ornata totila Stauder, 1914 based on the rule of priority. The validity of the species status of M. punica and M. scotosia was confirmed, whereas M. sibina and M. pseudosibina could not be separated from M. phoebe using morphometrics. A new species from Iran (Zagros Mts.) was described as M. zagrosi sp. n. In addition, the whole geographical range of M. ornata was reconsidered and some biogeographical connections were discussed. In M. ornata four morphotypes were found based on genitalia: 1. 'Western type': including the Italian, Hungarian and SW Ukrainian populations; 2. 'Eastern type': with a much extended distribution ranging from the Balkan Peninsula through Asia Minor to Kazakhstan; 3. 'The Levant type' (= M. ornata telona comb. nov.); 4. 'Northern Iranian type' (Kopeth Dagh and Elburz Mts.). The distribution of these morphotypes can be attributed to historic separation in distinct glacial refugia.

AB - The ecology and phylogeny of the Melitaeini butterflies have received considerable attention in the last few years. Several publications have been based on research using molecular methods. Genital morphometry has already been published on two sibling species but without any accompanying taxonomic revision of related species or their intraspecific taxonomy. In this study the morphology of genitalia was analysed by landmark-based geometric morphometrics in males and by traditional morphometrics in females. Based on these morphological characters, the whole M. phoebe group (subg. Cinclidia) was revised. According to our results M. telona Fruhstorfer, 1908 is conspecific with M. 'phoebe' ornata Christoph, 1893. Thus, we consider M. telona a junior synonym of M. ornata, and we propose new combinations: M. ornata ornata Christoph, 1893, M. ornata telona Fruhstorfer, 1908, M. ornata amanica Rebel, 1917, M. ornata capreola Varga, 1967, M. ornata emipunica Verity, 1919, M. ornata enoch Higgins, 1941, M. ornata kovacsi Varga, 1967, M. ornata nigrogygia Verity, 1938, M. ornata ogygia Fruhstorfer, 1907 and M. ornata totila Stauder, 1914 based on the rule of priority. The validity of the species status of M. punica and M. scotosia was confirmed, whereas M. sibina and M. pseudosibina could not be separated from M. phoebe using morphometrics. A new species from Iran (Zagros Mts.) was described as M. zagrosi sp. n. In addition, the whole geographical range of M. ornata was reconsidered and some biogeographical connections were discussed. In M. ornata four morphotypes were found based on genitalia: 1. 'Western type': including the Italian, Hungarian and SW Ukrainian populations; 2. 'Eastern type': with a much extended distribution ranging from the Balkan Peninsula through Asia Minor to Kazakhstan; 3. 'The Levant type' (= M. ornata telona comb. nov.); 4. 'Northern Iranian type' (Kopeth Dagh and Elburz Mts.). The distribution of these morphotypes can be attributed to historic separation in distinct glacial refugia.

KW - Biogeographic subdivision

KW - Identification key

KW - Melitaea

KW - Melitaea ornata stat. revid.

KW - Morphometrics

KW - Palaearctic

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=80051690812&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=80051690812&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jcz.2011.05.002

DO - 10.1016/j.jcz.2011.05.002

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:80051690812

VL - 250

SP - 258

EP - 268

JO - Zoologischer Anzeiger

JF - Zoologischer Anzeiger

SN - 0044-5231

IS - 3

ER -