Inhibition of the neurogenic inflammatory response by lidocaine in rat skin

M. Dux, G. Jancsó, H. Sann, F. K. Pierau

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Abstract

Axon reflex vasodilatation and neurogenic plasma extravasation are characteristic cutaneous vascular responses mediated by neuropeptides released from stimulated capsaicin-sensitive sensory nerve endings. Intracutaneous injections of local anaesthetics inhibit the axon-reflex flare elicited by chemical irritants in human skin. Results of earlier reports on the effects of local anaesthetics on neurogenic plasma extravasation are controversial. The aim of the present study, therefore, was to re-examine the effect of the local anaesthetic lidocaine on the neurogenic inflammatory response of rat skin. The effects of lidocaine on cutaneous inflammatory reactions were measured quantitatively by means of the Evans blue technique. Intracutaneous injection of lidocaine resulted in a dose-dependent inhibition of the neurogenic inflammation elicited by mustard oil and of the dye leakage response to compound 48/80 or histamine. It is suggested that the site of this inhibition is beyond the sensory nerve terminal, presumably at the level of the vascular endothelium.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10-13
Number of pages4
JournalInflammation Research
Volume45
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 5 1996

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Keywords

  • Capsaicin-sensitive
  • Lidocaine
  • Neurogenic inflammation
  • Sensory nerves
  • Skin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Pharmacology

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