Inhibition of seizures induced by picrotoxin and electroshock by cholecystokinin octapeptides and their fragments in rats after intracerebroventricular administration

T. Kádár, A. Pesti, B. Penke, G. Telegdy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The anticonvulsive activity of cholecystokinin octapeptide sulphate ester (CCK-8-SE), nonsulphated cholecystokinin octapeptide (CCK-8-NS) and three different N- and C-terminal fragments were investigated against seizures induced by picrotoxin and electroshock in rats after intracerebroventricular administration. Doses of 0.8 and 80 pmol of CCK-8-SE and CCK-8-NS significantly enhanced the latency of seizures induced by picrotoxin and shortened the duration of the clonic phase of the seizures induced by electroshock. Only CCK-8-SE shortened the recovery time and only 0.8 pmol of CCK-8-SE could shorten the duration of the tonic phase of convulsions induced by electroshock. Doses of the octapeptides of 8000 pmol were ineffective, with the exception of CCK-8-NS in the picrotoxin test. Of the fragments tested, the C-terminal tetrapeptide, CCK-5-8, enhanced the latency of seizures induced by picrotoxin in a dose of 0.8 pmol, and had a dose-dependent biphasic effect on the duration of the clonic phase of seizures induced by electroshock. Intracerebroventricular administration of diazepam enhanced only the latency of tremor and clonic seizures induced with picrotoxin in a dose of 40 nmol. Twelve nmole of diazepam shortened the clonic phase of convulsions induced by electroshock. The peptides tested were much more active than diazepam, and their effective doses were comparable to the amounts of cholecystokinin octapeptide found in brain structures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)955-961
Number of pages7
JournalNeuropharmacology
Volume23
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1984

Fingerprint

Sincalide
Picrotoxin
Electroshock
Seizures
Diazepam
Inhibition (Psychology)
Tremor
Esters

Keywords

  • anticonvulsive activity
  • CCK fragments
  • CCK octapeptides
  • electroshock seizures
  • intracerebroventricular administration
  • picrotoxin seizures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Drug Discovery
  • Pharmacology

Cite this

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title = "Inhibition of seizures induced by picrotoxin and electroshock by cholecystokinin octapeptides and their fragments in rats after intracerebroventricular administration",
abstract = "The anticonvulsive activity of cholecystokinin octapeptide sulphate ester (CCK-8-SE), nonsulphated cholecystokinin octapeptide (CCK-8-NS) and three different N- and C-terminal fragments were investigated against seizures induced by picrotoxin and electroshock in rats after intracerebroventricular administration. Doses of 0.8 and 80 pmol of CCK-8-SE and CCK-8-NS significantly enhanced the latency of seizures induced by picrotoxin and shortened the duration of the clonic phase of the seizures induced by electroshock. Only CCK-8-SE shortened the recovery time and only 0.8 pmol of CCK-8-SE could shorten the duration of the tonic phase of convulsions induced by electroshock. Doses of the octapeptides of 8000 pmol were ineffective, with the exception of CCK-8-NS in the picrotoxin test. Of the fragments tested, the C-terminal tetrapeptide, CCK-5-8, enhanced the latency of seizures induced by picrotoxin in a dose of 0.8 pmol, and had a dose-dependent biphasic effect on the duration of the clonic phase of seizures induced by electroshock. Intracerebroventricular administration of diazepam enhanced only the latency of tremor and clonic seizures induced with picrotoxin in a dose of 40 nmol. Twelve nmole of diazepam shortened the clonic phase of convulsions induced by electroshock. The peptides tested were much more active than diazepam, and their effective doses were comparable to the amounts of cholecystokinin octapeptide found in brain structures.",
keywords = "anticonvulsive activity, CCK fragments, CCK octapeptides, electroshock seizures, intracerebroventricular administration, picrotoxin seizures",
author = "T. K{\'a}d{\'a}r and A. Pesti and B. Penke and G. Telegdy",
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T1 - Inhibition of seizures induced by picrotoxin and electroshock by cholecystokinin octapeptides and their fragments in rats after intracerebroventricular administration

AU - Kádár, T.

AU - Pesti, A.

AU - Penke, B.

AU - Telegdy, G.

PY - 1984

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N2 - The anticonvulsive activity of cholecystokinin octapeptide sulphate ester (CCK-8-SE), nonsulphated cholecystokinin octapeptide (CCK-8-NS) and three different N- and C-terminal fragments were investigated against seizures induced by picrotoxin and electroshock in rats after intracerebroventricular administration. Doses of 0.8 and 80 pmol of CCK-8-SE and CCK-8-NS significantly enhanced the latency of seizures induced by picrotoxin and shortened the duration of the clonic phase of the seizures induced by electroshock. Only CCK-8-SE shortened the recovery time and only 0.8 pmol of CCK-8-SE could shorten the duration of the tonic phase of convulsions induced by electroshock. Doses of the octapeptides of 8000 pmol were ineffective, with the exception of CCK-8-NS in the picrotoxin test. Of the fragments tested, the C-terminal tetrapeptide, CCK-5-8, enhanced the latency of seizures induced by picrotoxin in a dose of 0.8 pmol, and had a dose-dependent biphasic effect on the duration of the clonic phase of seizures induced by electroshock. Intracerebroventricular administration of diazepam enhanced only the latency of tremor and clonic seizures induced with picrotoxin in a dose of 40 nmol. Twelve nmole of diazepam shortened the clonic phase of convulsions induced by electroshock. The peptides tested were much more active than diazepam, and their effective doses were comparable to the amounts of cholecystokinin octapeptide found in brain structures.

AB - The anticonvulsive activity of cholecystokinin octapeptide sulphate ester (CCK-8-SE), nonsulphated cholecystokinin octapeptide (CCK-8-NS) and three different N- and C-terminal fragments were investigated against seizures induced by picrotoxin and electroshock in rats after intracerebroventricular administration. Doses of 0.8 and 80 pmol of CCK-8-SE and CCK-8-NS significantly enhanced the latency of seizures induced by picrotoxin and shortened the duration of the clonic phase of the seizures induced by electroshock. Only CCK-8-SE shortened the recovery time and only 0.8 pmol of CCK-8-SE could shorten the duration of the tonic phase of convulsions induced by electroshock. Doses of the octapeptides of 8000 pmol were ineffective, with the exception of CCK-8-NS in the picrotoxin test. Of the fragments tested, the C-terminal tetrapeptide, CCK-5-8, enhanced the latency of seizures induced by picrotoxin in a dose of 0.8 pmol, and had a dose-dependent biphasic effect on the duration of the clonic phase of seizures induced by electroshock. Intracerebroventricular administration of diazepam enhanced only the latency of tremor and clonic seizures induced with picrotoxin in a dose of 40 nmol. Twelve nmole of diazepam shortened the clonic phase of convulsions induced by electroshock. The peptides tested were much more active than diazepam, and their effective doses were comparable to the amounts of cholecystokinin octapeptide found in brain structures.

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