Influence of the StubSNF1 kinase complex and the expression of the yeast TPS1 gene on growth and tuber yield in potato

Ferenc Antal, Mihály Kondrák, Gabriella Kovács, Zsófia Bánfalvi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Expression of the yeast trehalose-6-phosphate synthase-1 (TPS1) gene in potato results in growth aberrations and arrest of development. Recent studies have shown that this phenomenon could be related to the inhibitory effect of trehalose-6-phosphate on SnRK1s, a family of sucrose non-fermenting-1 (SNF1)-related protein kinases that link metabolic and stress signalling in plants. SnRK1s are heterotrimeric enzymes similar to yeast SNF1 and mammalian AMP-activated protein kinases (AMPKs). Previously, we showed that antisense repression of StubGAL83, one of the three subunits of the potato SnRK1 complex, results in a delay in rooting and increases sensitivity to salt stress. Here we report that StubGAL83 is a positive regulator of SNF1 kinase activity in potato and that repression of the kinase subunit of the SnRK1 complex, StubSNF1, reduces growth and tuber yield in potato plants. Co-repression of StubGAL83 and StubSNF1 at a certain level, however, can result in larger plants and increased tuber yield. We found that repression of StubGAL83, but not repression of StubSNF1 attenuated growth aberrations caused by TPS1 expression. We provide evidence that the increased plant size and yield in StubGAL83-StubSNF1 co-repressed plants as well as the attenuation of aberrations caused by TPS1 expression are related to increased nitrate reductase activity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)51-61
Number of pages11
JournalPlant Growth Regulation
Volume69
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2013

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Keywords

  • Nitrate reductase
  • Potato
  • SNF1-related kinase-1
  • Transformation
  • Tuber yield

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science

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