The influence of a static homogeneous electric field on the vapour-liquid equilibrium of dipolar soft-sphere fluids has been studied by the Gubbins-Pople-Stell perturbation theory. The thermodynamic properties of the fluid as functions of the field strength were derived from the Helmholtz energy containing the field-dependent relative permittivity. The dielectric saturation was studied by a perturbation theoretical treatment of the Kirk-wood equation. Our calculations can yield a weak negative saturation. It was found that the critical quantities increase, while the temperature range of the phase coexistence narrows with the field strength. A comparison between our electrostriction results and simulation data shows reasonable agreement at low field strengths.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of the Chemical Society, Faraday Transactions|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 1 1995|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry