Influence of pressure and temperature on molar volume and retention properties of peptides in ultra-high pressure liquid chromatography

Szabolcs Fekete, Krisztián Horváth, Davy Guillarme

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, pressure induced changes in retention were measured for model peptides possessing molecular weights between ~1 and ~4kDa. The goal of the present work was to evaluate if such changes were only attributed to the variation of molar volume and if they could be estimated prior to the experiments, using theoretical models. Restrictor tubing was employed to generate pressures up to 1000bar and experiments were conducted for mobile phase temperatures comprised between 30 and 80°C. As expected, the retention increases significantly with pressure, up to 200% for glucagon at around 1000bar compared to ~100bar. The obtained data were fitted with a theoretical model and the determination coefficients were excellent (r2>0.9992) for the peptides at various temperatures. On the other hand, the pressure induced change in retention was found to be temperature dependent and was more pronounced at 30°C vs. 60 or 80°C. Finally, using the proposed model, it was possible to easily estimate the pressure induced increase in retention for any peptide and mobile phase temperature. This allows to easily estimating the expected change in retention, when increasing the column length under UHPLC conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-71
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Chromatography A
Volume1311
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 11 2013

Keywords

  • Molar volume
  • Peptides
  • Pressure effect
  • Retention
  • UHPLC
  • Ultra-high pressure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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