Influence of pre-annealing on the thermal stability of a nanocrystalline Hf-Ni alloy

Z. F. Donga, K. Lu, I. Bakonyi

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A nanocrystalline (NC) sample was prepared by quenching a Hf11Ni89 alloy with the melt-spinning technique. A randomly oriented HfNi5 nanophase with an average grain size of about 10 nm was formed by this process. As an extension of our previous work on the as-quenched state of this NC Hf-Ni alloy, here we use DSC and XRD to report on a thermal stability study of samples pre-annealed at 340°C for different periods of time ta up to 510 min. The pre-annealing was performed under conditions that did not result in a change of the grain size. Similarly to the as-quenched state of the NC HfNi5 alloy, two exothermal peaks appear in the DSC curve for the pre-annealed NC samples on heating at a constant heating rate. The two peaks may also be attributed to a grain-growth process of the HfNi5 nanophase prior to a precipitation process of a Ni solid solution phase. Activation energies for the two processes were calculated by using the Kissinger equation. It was obtained that a pre-annealing treatment decreases the thermal stability of the NC sample, which was characterized by a reduction of the temperatures and the activation energies for the grain-growth and the Ni precipitation processes. The DSC analysis revealed that the total excess energy of this highly non-equilibrium alloy and, specifically, the grain-boundary energy, decrease with increasing pre-annealing time. These changes in the parameters characterizing the thermal stability of the NC HfNi5 alloy are discussed on the basis of observed modifications of the microstructure with the help of atomic diffusion processes and, also, of magnetic measurements on pre-annealed samples described elsewhere.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)187-194
Number of pages8
JournalNanostructured Materials
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1999


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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