Influence of parental socio-economic status on diet quality of European adolescents: Results from the HELENA study

HELENA Study Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Diet quality is influenced by socio-economic and geographical factors. The present study sought to assess whether adolescents' diet quality is affected by their parents' socio-economic status and whether the relationship between these factors is similar in northern and southern Europe. Data collected in the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence (HELENA) study in eight European countries were analysed. Dietary intake data were recorded via repeated 24 h recalls (using specifically developed HELENA Dietary Intake Assessment Tool software) and converted into an adolescent-specific Diet Quality Index (DQI-AM). Socio-economic status was estimated through parental educational level (Par-Educ-Lev) and parental occupation level (Par-Occ-Lev) as reported by the adolescents in a specific questionnaire. The DQI-AM data were then analysed as a function of Par-Educ-Lev and Par-Occ-Lev in northern European countries (Austria, Belgium, France, Germany and Sweden) and southern European countries (Greece, Italy and Spain). We studied a total of 1768 adolescents (age 14.7 (sd 1.3) years; percentage of girls: 52.8 %; 1135 and 633 subjects from northern and southern Europe, respectively). On average, the DQI-AM score was higher in southern Europe than in northern Europe (69.1 (sd 0.1) v. 60.4 (sd 2.8), respectively; P<0.001; Δ = 12.6 %). The DQI was positively correlated with both paternal and maternal Par-Educ-Lev. However, this association was more pronounced in northern Europe than in southern Europe (P interaction = 0.004 for the mother and 0.06 for the father). The DQI was also positively correlated with Par-Occ-Lev (all P trends <0.01), but this correlation was independent of the geographical area (P interaction = 0.51 for the mother and 0.50 for the father). In conclusion, Par-Educ-Lev and Par-Occ-Lev are associated with diet quality in adolescents in Europe. However, this association differs between northern Europe and southern Europe.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1303-1312
Number of pages10
JournalBritish Journal of Nutrition
Volume111
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 14 2014

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Economics
Diet
Occupations
Mothers
Fathers
Healthy Lifestyle
Austria
Greece
Belgium
Sweden
Spain
Italy
France
Germany
Software
Parents

Keywords

  • Adolescence
  • Diet Quality Index
  • Educational level

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Influence of parental socio-economic status on diet quality of European adolescents : Results from the HELENA study. / HELENA Study Group.

In: British Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 111, No. 7, 14.04.2014, p. 1303-1312.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Diet quality is influenced by socio-economic and geographical factors. The present study sought to assess whether adolescents' diet quality is affected by their parents' socio-economic status and whether the relationship between these factors is similar in northern and southern Europe. Data collected in the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence (HELENA) study in eight European countries were analysed. Dietary intake data were recorded via repeated 24 h recalls (using specifically developed HELENA Dietary Intake Assessment Tool software) and converted into an adolescent-specific Diet Quality Index (DQI-AM). Socio-economic status was estimated through parental educational level (Par-Educ-Lev) and parental occupation level (Par-Occ-Lev) as reported by the adolescents in a specific questionnaire. The DQI-AM data were then analysed as a function of Par-Educ-Lev and Par-Occ-Lev in northern European countries (Austria, Belgium, France, Germany and Sweden) and southern European countries (Greece, Italy and Spain). We studied a total of 1768 adolescents (age 14.7 (sd 1.3) years; percentage of girls: 52.8 {\%}; 1135 and 633 subjects from northern and southern Europe, respectively). On average, the DQI-AM score was higher in southern Europe than in northern Europe (69.1 (sd 0.1) v. 60.4 (sd 2.8), respectively; P<0.001; Δ = 12.6 {\%}). The DQI was positively correlated with both paternal and maternal Par-Educ-Lev. However, this association was more pronounced in northern Europe than in southern Europe (P interaction = 0.004 for the mother and 0.06 for the father). The DQI was also positively correlated with Par-Occ-Lev (all P trends <0.01), but this correlation was independent of the geographical area (P interaction = 0.51 for the mother and 0.50 for the father). In conclusion, Par-Educ-Lev and Par-Occ-Lev are associated with diet quality in adolescents in Europe. However, this association differs between northern Europe and southern Europe.",
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author = "{HELENA Study Group} and L. B{\'e}ghin and L. Dauchet and {De Vriendt}, Tineke and M. Cuenca-Garc{\'i}a and Y. Manios and E. Toti and M. Plada and K. Widhalm and J. Repasy and I. Huybrechts and M. Kersting and Moreno, {L. A.} and J. Dallongeville and Fr{\'e}d{\'e}ric Gottrand and {De Henauw}, Stefaan and Marcela Gonz{\'a}lez-Gross and Chantal Gilbert and Anthony Kafatos and Christian Libersa and Jackie S{\'a}nchez and Michael Sj{\"o}strom and D. Moln{\'a}r and Gunnar Hall and Lea Maes and Luca Scalfi and Pilar Mel{\'e}ndez and Jes{\'u}s Fleta and Jos{\'e}A Casaj{\'u}s and Gerardo Rodr{\'i}guez and Concepci{\'o}n Tom{\'a}s and Mesana, {Mar{\'i}a I.} and Germ{\'a}n Vicente-Rodr{\'i}guez and Adoraci{\'o}n Villarroya and Gil, {Carlos M.} and Ignacio Ara and Juan Revenga and Carmen Lachen and Alvira, {Juan Fern{\'a}ndez} and Gloria Bueno and Aurora L{\'a}zaro and Olga Bueno and Le{\'o}n, {Juan F.} and Garagorri, {Jes{\'u}s Ma} and Manuel Bueno and L{\'o}pez, {Juan Pablo Rey} and Iris Iglesia and Paula Velasco and Silvia Bel and Ascensi{\'o}n Marcos and E. Erhardt",
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T1 - Influence of parental socio-economic status on diet quality of European adolescents

T2 - Results from the HELENA study

AU - HELENA Study Group

AU - Béghin, L.

AU - Dauchet, L.

AU - De Vriendt, Tineke

AU - Cuenca-García, M.

AU - Manios, Y.

AU - Toti, E.

AU - Plada, M.

AU - Widhalm, K.

AU - Repasy, J.

AU - Huybrechts, I.

AU - Kersting, M.

AU - Moreno, L. A.

AU - Dallongeville, J.

AU - Gottrand, Frédéric

AU - De Henauw, Stefaan

AU - González-Gross, Marcela

AU - Gilbert, Chantal

AU - Kafatos, Anthony

AU - Libersa, Christian

AU - Sánchez, Jackie

AU - Sjöstrom, Michael

AU - Molnár, D.

AU - Hall, Gunnar

AU - Maes, Lea

AU - Scalfi, Luca

AU - Meléndez, Pilar

AU - Fleta, Jesús

AU - Casajús, JoséA

AU - Rodríguez, Gerardo

AU - Tomás, Concepción

AU - Mesana, María I.

AU - Vicente-Rodríguez, Germán

AU - Villarroya, Adoración

AU - Gil, Carlos M.

AU - Ara, Ignacio

AU - Revenga, Juan

AU - Lachen, Carmen

AU - Alvira, Juan Fernández

AU - Bueno, Gloria

AU - Lázaro, Aurora

AU - Bueno, Olga

AU - León, Juan F.

AU - Garagorri, Jesús Ma

AU - Bueno, Manuel

AU - López, Juan Pablo Rey

AU - Iglesia, Iris

AU - Velasco, Paula

AU - Bel, Silvia

AU - Marcos, Ascensión

AU - Erhardt, E.

PY - 2014/4/14

Y1 - 2014/4/14

N2 - Diet quality is influenced by socio-economic and geographical factors. The present study sought to assess whether adolescents' diet quality is affected by their parents' socio-economic status and whether the relationship between these factors is similar in northern and southern Europe. Data collected in the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence (HELENA) study in eight European countries were analysed. Dietary intake data were recorded via repeated 24 h recalls (using specifically developed HELENA Dietary Intake Assessment Tool software) and converted into an adolescent-specific Diet Quality Index (DQI-AM). Socio-economic status was estimated through parental educational level (Par-Educ-Lev) and parental occupation level (Par-Occ-Lev) as reported by the adolescents in a specific questionnaire. The DQI-AM data were then analysed as a function of Par-Educ-Lev and Par-Occ-Lev in northern European countries (Austria, Belgium, France, Germany and Sweden) and southern European countries (Greece, Italy and Spain). We studied a total of 1768 adolescents (age 14.7 (sd 1.3) years; percentage of girls: 52.8 %; 1135 and 633 subjects from northern and southern Europe, respectively). On average, the DQI-AM score was higher in southern Europe than in northern Europe (69.1 (sd 0.1) v. 60.4 (sd 2.8), respectively; P<0.001; Δ = 12.6 %). The DQI was positively correlated with both paternal and maternal Par-Educ-Lev. However, this association was more pronounced in northern Europe than in southern Europe (P interaction = 0.004 for the mother and 0.06 for the father). The DQI was also positively correlated with Par-Occ-Lev (all P trends <0.01), but this correlation was independent of the geographical area (P interaction = 0.51 for the mother and 0.50 for the father). In conclusion, Par-Educ-Lev and Par-Occ-Lev are associated with diet quality in adolescents in Europe. However, this association differs between northern Europe and southern Europe.

AB - Diet quality is influenced by socio-economic and geographical factors. The present study sought to assess whether adolescents' diet quality is affected by their parents' socio-economic status and whether the relationship between these factors is similar in northern and southern Europe. Data collected in the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence (HELENA) study in eight European countries were analysed. Dietary intake data were recorded via repeated 24 h recalls (using specifically developed HELENA Dietary Intake Assessment Tool software) and converted into an adolescent-specific Diet Quality Index (DQI-AM). Socio-economic status was estimated through parental educational level (Par-Educ-Lev) and parental occupation level (Par-Occ-Lev) as reported by the adolescents in a specific questionnaire. The DQI-AM data were then analysed as a function of Par-Educ-Lev and Par-Occ-Lev in northern European countries (Austria, Belgium, France, Germany and Sweden) and southern European countries (Greece, Italy and Spain). We studied a total of 1768 adolescents (age 14.7 (sd 1.3) years; percentage of girls: 52.8 %; 1135 and 633 subjects from northern and southern Europe, respectively). On average, the DQI-AM score was higher in southern Europe than in northern Europe (69.1 (sd 0.1) v. 60.4 (sd 2.8), respectively; P<0.001; Δ = 12.6 %). The DQI was positively correlated with both paternal and maternal Par-Educ-Lev. However, this association was more pronounced in northern Europe than in southern Europe (P interaction = 0.004 for the mother and 0.06 for the father). The DQI was also positively correlated with Par-Occ-Lev (all P trends <0.01), but this correlation was independent of the geographical area (P interaction = 0.51 for the mother and 0.50 for the father). In conclusion, Par-Educ-Lev and Par-Occ-Lev are associated with diet quality in adolescents in Europe. However, this association differs between northern Europe and southern Europe.

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KW - Diet Quality Index

KW - Educational level

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