Purpose: Static magnetic field (SMF) could improve pain sensation and bone turnover. In a single-center randomized double-blind placebo-controlled study we investigated the effects of SMF exposure on subjective pain and bone turnover. Materials and methods: Postmenopausal osteoporotic women (aged 50-70 years) with bone deformity and back pain were randomized to 10 weekly visits of 30-min SMF (n = 6) or treatment with non-magnetized pads (n = 5) on the back. Primary and secondary outcomes were changes in pain sensation on a visual analogue scale (VAS) during each visit and over 10 weeks, respectively. Tertiary outcomes were changes in osteocalcin and β-crosslaps. SMF was inhomogeneous with 192 millitesla peak-to-peak value by 19 tesla/meter gradient of the magnetic flux density at 3 mm. Results: Participants randomized to sham had higher VAS at baseline (mean difference: 2.8, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.47-5.2 cm). Both SMF and sham similarly reduced short term pain (sham-SMF: 0.59, 95% CI -0.31-1.49 cm, p = 0.195). VAS did not change in SMF, while it decreased in the sham group (between-group difference 0.27, 95% CI 0.04-0.50 cm/visit). Bone turnover markers remained stable. Conclusions: SMF as used in this investigation is not recommended for pain relief in postmenopausal women with vertebral deformity. The finding on long-term pain relief may relate to unbalanced randomization.
- Pain perception
- Randomized controlled trial
- Static magnetic field (SMF)
- Vertebral deformity
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging