Effects of various dipeptides on naloxone-precipitated morphine withdrawal were studied in the mouse. Mice were rendered dependent on morphine by implantation of morphine pellets and the withdrawal syndrome was measured by the latency of the onset of stereotyped jumpings. In accordance with previous data, subcutaneous injection of Z-prolyl-D-leucine significantly delayed the onset of morphine withdrawal. The all-L enantiomer of the dipeptide (Z-L-prolyl-L-leucine) did not affect morphine withdrawal in the dose studied. Replacement of L-proline by L-glutamate or L-pyroglutamate (Z-L-glutamyl-L-leucine and L-pyroglutamyl-L-leucine) resulted in dipeptides which were more potent towards morphine withdrawal than Z-prolyl-D-leucine. Z-L-glycyl-L-proline attenuated the morphine withdrawal syndrome more effectively than Z-L-prolyl-D-leucine, but Z-L-leucyl-L-glycine was ineffective in this respect. The data reveal that certain dipeptides-which in their nonprotected forms are normal sequences of endogenous peptides-affect morphine withdrawal more potently than Z-prolyl-D-leucine, a synthetic dipeptide known to attenuate morphine dependence.
- Morphine withdrawal
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience