The effects of three aminoglycosides (AGs), tobramycin, streptomycin and spectinomycin on 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine (DPPE)-1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-[phospho-rac-1-glycerol] (DPPG)/water systems with 0.05 and 0.2 DPPG/DPPE + DPPG molar fractions were examined by using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), simultaneous small- and wide-angle X-ray scattering (SWAXS), and freeze-fracture transmission electronmicroscopy (FF-TE) at 10-1 AG/lipid molar ratio in the doped systems. The effects induced by the AGs strongly depend on DPPG/DPPE + DPPG molar fraction. In the presence of the AGs regular lyotropic structures form as opposed to the complex and badly correlated layer structures of the pure 0.2 DPPG/DPPE + DPPG molar fraction system. The investigated AGs possess different structural and thermotropic effects: tobramycin and streptomycin which are true aminoglycosides decrease the main transition enthalpy in both model systems and induce the formation of correlated layer arrangements, while the occurrence of spectinomycin, a non-aminoglycoside aminocyclitol still ranked as an AG, results in a hexagonal phase as it can be deduced from the SAXS patterns and visually observed in the electronmicrographs.
- DPPE-DPPG liposomes
- Small- and wide-angle X-ray scattering (SWAXS)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Surfaces and Interfaces
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry