The endogenous ligand, anandamide activates at least two receptors on nociceptors; the excitatory vanilloid type 1 transient receptor potential receptor, the activity of which is indispensable for the development and maintenance of inflammatory heat hyperalgesia, and the inhibitory cannabinoid 1 receptor, the activity of which reduces that pathological pain sensation. Recent data are equivocal on whether increasing anandamide levels at the peripheral terminals of nociceptors in pathological conditions increases or decreases inflammatory heat hyperalgesia. Here, by using the cobalt-uptake technique we examined whether vanilloid type 1 transient receptor potential receptor activity evoked by 10nM-100μM anandamide is increased or decreased in inflammatory conditions. An inflammatory milieu for cultured rat primary sensory neurons was established by incubating the cells in the presence of the inflammatory mediators, bradykinin and prostaglandin E2. Anandamide, similarly to the archetypical vanilloid type 1 transient receptor potential receptor agonist, capsaicin induced concentration-dependent cobalt-uptake in a proportion of neurons. However, the potency of anandamide was significantly lower than that of capsaicin. While pre-incubation of cultures with bradykinin and prostaglandin E2 alone did not evoke cobalt-entry, the inflammatory mediators potentiated the effect of both capsaicin and anandamide. Application of the competitive vanilloid type 1 transient receptor potential receptor antagonist, capsazepine, or inhibitors of protein kinase A, protein kinase C or phospholipase C inhibited the anandamide-evoked cobalt-uptake both in the presence and absence of bradykinin and prostaglandin E2. These findings show that inflammatory mediators significantly increase the excitatory potency and efficacy of anandamide on vanilloid type 1 transient receptor potential receptor, thus, increasing the anandamide concentration in, or around the peripheral terminals of nociceptors might rather evoke than decrease inflammatory heat hyperalgesia.
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 21 2005|
- Heat hyperalgesia
ASJC Scopus subject areas