Induced catalytic activity of fluorided alumina in the reactions of isobutane

Jozsef Engelhardt, Gyorgy Onyestyak, W. Keith Hall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)


The reaction chemistry for the conversion of isobutane on pure and fluorided aluminas was compared to continuous flow experiments. Catalysts with 0, 2.6, 4.5, and 6.5% F were pretreated in flowing oxygen either at 500 or 650°C. Only the products of dehydrogenation and demethanation were obtained on pure alumina; the rate of reaction was about one order of magnitude higher when the catalyst was pretreated at 650°C than when it was pretreated at 500°C. Paraffins, including neopentane, were also produced over fluorided aluminas; on catalysts pretreated at 650°C while dehydrogenation and demethanation decreased, paraffin formation increased with time on stream (TOS). Over the catalysts with 4.5 and 6.5% F the rate of hydride transfer-producing paraffins exceeded that of initiation (H2 + CH4 formation) by a factor of from 2 to 3. All of the catalysts were more active than silica-alumina for i-butane conversion. IR spectra from pyridine adsorbed on catalysts with 0-4.5% F and pretreated either at 500 or 650°C showed no evidence of a band of 1540-50 cm-1) assignable to pyridinium ion formed by interaction between pyridine and Brønsted acid sites. On the catalyst with 6.5% F this band appeared when the catalyst was pretreated at either 500 or 650°C. Isobutane can be dehydrogenated and demethanated over the dual acid-base pair sites of the alumina. The increasing paraffin formation with TOS may result from new and additional Brønsted sites introduced during dehydrogenation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)721-729
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Catalysis
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Induced catalytic activity of fluorided alumina in the reactions of isobutane'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this