Individual differences in flow proneness are linked to a dopamine D2 receptor gene variant

Mate Gyurkovics, Eszter Kotyuk, Eniko Rozsa Katonai, Erzsebet Zsofia Horvath, Andrea Vereczkei, A. Székely

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Flow is a special mental state characterized by deep concentration that occurs during the performance of optimally challenging tasks. In prior studies, proneness to experience flow has been found to be moderately heritable. In the present study, we investigated whether individual differences in flow proneness are related to a polymorphism of the dopamine D2 receptor coding gene (DRD2 C957T rs6277). This polymorphism affects striatal D2 receptor availability, a factor that has been shown to be related to flow proneness. To our knowledge, this is the first study to investigate the association between this trait and a specific gene variant. In a sample of 236 healthy Hungarian adults, we found that CC homozygotes report higher flow proneness than do T allele carriers, but only during mandatory activities (i.e., studying and working), not during leisure time. We discuss implications of this result, e.g., the potential mediators of the relationship.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalConsciousness and Cognition
Volume42
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2016

Fingerprint

Dopamine D2 Receptors
Individuality
Corpus Striatum
Leisure Activities
Homozygote
Genes
Alleles
Individual Differences
Dopamine
Gene
Polymorphism

Keywords

  • DRD2 C957T
  • Flow proneness
  • Genetic association

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Individual differences in flow proneness are linked to a dopamine D2 receptor gene variant. / Gyurkovics, Mate; Kotyuk, Eszter; Katonai, Eniko Rozsa; Horvath, Erzsebet Zsofia; Vereczkei, Andrea; Székely, A.

In: Consciousness and Cognition, Vol. 42, 01.05.2016, p. 1-8.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gyurkovics, Mate ; Kotyuk, Eszter ; Katonai, Eniko Rozsa ; Horvath, Erzsebet Zsofia ; Vereczkei, Andrea ; Székely, A. / Individual differences in flow proneness are linked to a dopamine D2 receptor gene variant. In: Consciousness and Cognition. 2016 ; Vol. 42. pp. 1-8.
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