Rationale: Creativity can be related to the continuum between psychotic disorders and normality. Schizotypal traits, that is, personality traits resembling the positive, negative, disorganized and affective symptoms of schizophrenia, have been associated with creative potential and achievement in healthy populations. How can we explain these relationships at the level of fundamental cognitive processes? What are the other individual differences relevant to creativity? Method: We reviewed studies that investigated creativity either in the context of the psychosis spectrum or in relationship with personality traits, cognitive abilities, and social context. Additionally, studies examining potential neural correlates of creativity were discussed in the review. Results: Reduced latent inhibition, atypical pattern perception and aberrant salience are some neurocognitive features characterizing the psychosis spectrum which might provide a link between schizotypy and creativity. Dopaminergic involvement has been assumed in all of these functions. On the other hand, a substantial part of the empirical literature underscored the crucial role of openness, high intelligence and intact executive functioning in creative thinking and achievement. Additional studies highlighted the importance of social support in the creative process. Conclusions: The reviewed literature suggests that the neurocognitive structure of schizotypy, when accompanied by adaptive factors, can subserve creativity. The precise nature of the relationship between the features and the development of adaptive schizotypy and openness remains to be clarified.
|Translated title of the contribution||Individual differences in creative thinking: Psychotic-like features in an adaptive context?|
|Number of pages||19|
|Journal||Magyar Pszichologiai Szemle|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 2015|
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