The use of one equivalent of benzylamine increased the enantioselectivity in the heterogeneous catalytic hydrogenation of α,β-unsaturated carboxylic acids over cinchonidine-modified 5% Pd/Al2O3 catalyst. The beneficial effect of the amine additive was dependent on substrate structure. The highest effect, a more than sixfold increase in the enantiomeric excess, was obtained in the hydrogenation of itaconic acid. This is the first report on the enantioselective hydrogenation of a prochiral α,β- unsaturated dicarboxylic acid over a supported heterogeneous metal catalyst.
- Itaconic acid
- Unsaturated carboxylic acid
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry