Increased diameter and enhanced myogenic response of saphenous vein induced by two-week experimental orthostasis are reversible

G. Raffai, C. Lódi, G. Illyés, G. Nádasy, E. Monos

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5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Previously, increased diameter and enhanced myogenic tone were seen after 2-week 45° head-up (HUT2) in the rat. We studied the reversibility and the effect of extended tilt on this phenomenon using two experimental groups: HUT2 plus 2-week horizontal (HUT2HOR2), and 4-week tilting (HUT4). 4-weeks in normal cages (NC4) served as control. Diameter of saphenous vein (SV) in 2-20 mm Hg pressure range, wall and media thickness, endothelial and smooth muscle cell densities, and cell proliferation were measured. The diameter of SV from HUT4 was significantly larger compared with HUT2HOR2 or NC4 within the whole pressure range both in Krebs-Ringer (870.4±21.3 vs. 778.2±24.9 and 771.6±28.1 μm at 10 mm Hg, respectively) and in Ca2+-free solution. Myogenic and norepinephrine-induced vascular tone, wall and media thickness did not differ among the three groups. Endothelial cell density decreased in HUT4 (10.7±1.2) vs. HUT2HOR2 (15.1±1.0) and NC4 (15.3±0.6), while that of smooth muscle was unchanged. No cell proliferation marker was seen. In conclusion, both increased diameter and enhanced myogenic tone of SV seen in HUT2 proved to be reversible. HUT4 resulted in increased SV diameter, similarly to HUT2, however, vascular tone was not amplified. This suggests that a prolonged orthostatic load may readjust the function of smooth muscle.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)175-183
Number of pages9
JournalPhysiological Research
Volume57
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2008

Fingerprint

Saphenous Vein
Dizziness
Smooth Muscle
Blood Vessels
Cell Count
Cell Proliferation
Pressure
Smooth Muscle Myocytes
Norepinephrine
Endothelial Cells
Head

Keywords

  • Endothelial cell density
  • Head-up tilt
  • Saphenous vein
  • Smooth muscle cell density
  • Vascular responses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

Cite this

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title = "Increased diameter and enhanced myogenic response of saphenous vein induced by two-week experimental orthostasis are reversible",
abstract = "Previously, increased diameter and enhanced myogenic tone were seen after 2-week 45° head-up (HUT2) in the rat. We studied the reversibility and the effect of extended tilt on this phenomenon using two experimental groups: HUT2 plus 2-week horizontal (HUT2HOR2), and 4-week tilting (HUT4). 4-weeks in normal cages (NC4) served as control. Diameter of saphenous vein (SV) in 2-20 mm Hg pressure range, wall and media thickness, endothelial and smooth muscle cell densities, and cell proliferation were measured. The diameter of SV from HUT4 was significantly larger compared with HUT2HOR2 or NC4 within the whole pressure range both in Krebs-Ringer (870.4±21.3 vs. 778.2±24.9 and 771.6±28.1 μm at 10 mm Hg, respectively) and in Ca2+-free solution. Myogenic and norepinephrine-induced vascular tone, wall and media thickness did not differ among the three groups. Endothelial cell density decreased in HUT4 (10.7±1.2) vs. HUT2HOR2 (15.1±1.0) and NC4 (15.3±0.6), while that of smooth muscle was unchanged. No cell proliferation marker was seen. In conclusion, both increased diameter and enhanced myogenic tone of SV seen in HUT2 proved to be reversible. HUT4 resulted in increased SV diameter, similarly to HUT2, however, vascular tone was not amplified. This suggests that a prolonged orthostatic load may readjust the function of smooth muscle.",
keywords = "Endothelial cell density, Head-up tilt, Saphenous vein, Smooth muscle cell density, Vascular responses",
author = "G. Raffai and C. L{\'o}di and G. Illy{\'e}s and G. N{\'a}dasy and E. Monos",
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T1 - Increased diameter and enhanced myogenic response of saphenous vein induced by two-week experimental orthostasis are reversible

AU - Raffai, G.

AU - Lódi, C.

AU - Illyés, G.

AU - Nádasy, G.

AU - Monos, E.

PY - 2008

Y1 - 2008

N2 - Previously, increased diameter and enhanced myogenic tone were seen after 2-week 45° head-up (HUT2) in the rat. We studied the reversibility and the effect of extended tilt on this phenomenon using two experimental groups: HUT2 plus 2-week horizontal (HUT2HOR2), and 4-week tilting (HUT4). 4-weeks in normal cages (NC4) served as control. Diameter of saphenous vein (SV) in 2-20 mm Hg pressure range, wall and media thickness, endothelial and smooth muscle cell densities, and cell proliferation were measured. The diameter of SV from HUT4 was significantly larger compared with HUT2HOR2 or NC4 within the whole pressure range both in Krebs-Ringer (870.4±21.3 vs. 778.2±24.9 and 771.6±28.1 μm at 10 mm Hg, respectively) and in Ca2+-free solution. Myogenic and norepinephrine-induced vascular tone, wall and media thickness did not differ among the three groups. Endothelial cell density decreased in HUT4 (10.7±1.2) vs. HUT2HOR2 (15.1±1.0) and NC4 (15.3±0.6), while that of smooth muscle was unchanged. No cell proliferation marker was seen. In conclusion, both increased diameter and enhanced myogenic tone of SV seen in HUT2 proved to be reversible. HUT4 resulted in increased SV diameter, similarly to HUT2, however, vascular tone was not amplified. This suggests that a prolonged orthostatic load may readjust the function of smooth muscle.

AB - Previously, increased diameter and enhanced myogenic tone were seen after 2-week 45° head-up (HUT2) in the rat. We studied the reversibility and the effect of extended tilt on this phenomenon using two experimental groups: HUT2 plus 2-week horizontal (HUT2HOR2), and 4-week tilting (HUT4). 4-weeks in normal cages (NC4) served as control. Diameter of saphenous vein (SV) in 2-20 mm Hg pressure range, wall and media thickness, endothelial and smooth muscle cell densities, and cell proliferation were measured. The diameter of SV from HUT4 was significantly larger compared with HUT2HOR2 or NC4 within the whole pressure range both in Krebs-Ringer (870.4±21.3 vs. 778.2±24.9 and 771.6±28.1 μm at 10 mm Hg, respectively) and in Ca2+-free solution. Myogenic and norepinephrine-induced vascular tone, wall and media thickness did not differ among the three groups. Endothelial cell density decreased in HUT4 (10.7±1.2) vs. HUT2HOR2 (15.1±1.0) and NC4 (15.3±0.6), while that of smooth muscle was unchanged. No cell proliferation marker was seen. In conclusion, both increased diameter and enhanced myogenic tone of SV seen in HUT2 proved to be reversible. HUT4 resulted in increased SV diameter, similarly to HUT2, however, vascular tone was not amplified. This suggests that a prolonged orthostatic load may readjust the function of smooth muscle.

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KW - Smooth muscle cell density

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