Based on findings of experimental models of diabetes mellitus (DM) showing increased expression of vascular cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), we hypothesized that in patients with DM changes in COX-2-dependent prostaglandin synthesis affect vasomotor responses of coronary arterioles. Arterioles were dissected from the right atrial appendages obtained at the time of cardiac surgery of patient with DM(+) or without documented diabetes DM(-). Isolated arterioles (89±15 μm in diameter) were cannulated and pressurized (at 80 mm Hg), and changes in diameter were measured with video microscopy. After spontaneous tone developed [DM(-): 32±7%; DM(+): 37±5%; P=NS], arteriolar responses to bradykinin were investigated. Dilations to bradykinin (0.1 nmol/L to 1 μmol/L) were significantly (P<0.05) greater in DM(+) than DM(-) patients (10 nmol/L: 77±10% versus 38±14%). In both groups, dilations were similar to the NO-donor, sodium nitroprusside. In arterioles of DM(+), but not those of DM(-), patients' bradykinin-induced dilations were reduced by the nonselective COX inhibitor indomethacin or by the selective COX-2 inhibitor NS-398 (DM(+) at 10 nmol/L: to 20±4% and 29±7%, respectively). Correspondingly, a marked COX-2 immunostaining was detected in coronary arterioles of DM(+), but not in those of DM(-) patients. We conclude that in coronary arterioles of diabetic patients bradykinin induces enhanced COX-2-derived prostaglandin-mediated dilation. These findings are the first to show that in humans diabetes mellitus increases COX-2 expression and dilator prostaglandin synthesis in coronary arterioles, which may serve to increase dilator capacity and maintain adequate perfusion of cardiac tissues.
|Publication status||Published - Sep 1 2006|
- Cyclooxygenase 2
- Diabetes mellitus
- Human coronary arteriole
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine