Peptides were designed that are based on candidate transmembrane sequences of the V0-sector from the vacuolar H+-ATPase of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Spin-label EPR studies of lipid-protein interactions were used to characterize the state of oligomerization, and polarized IR spectroscopy was used to determine the secondary structure and orientation, of these peptides in lipid bilayer membranes. Peptides corresponding to the second and fourth transmembrane domains (TM2 and TM4) of proteolipid subunit c (Vma3p) and of the putative seventh transmembrane domain (TM7) of subunit a (Vph1p) are wholly, or predominantly, α-helical in membranes of dioleoyl phosphatidylcholine. All three peptides self-assemble into oligomers of different sizes, in which the helices are differently inclined with respect to the membrane normal. The coassembly of rotor (Vma3p TM4) and stator (Vph1p TM7) peptides, which respectively contain the glutamate and arginine residues essential to proton transport by the rotary ATPase mechanism, is demonstrated from changes in the lipid interaction stoichiometry and helix orientation. Concanamycin, a potent V-ATPase inhibitor, and a 5-(2-indolyl)-2,4-pentadienoyl inhibitor that exhibits selectivity for the osteoclast subtype, interact with the membrane-incorporated Vma3p TM4 peptide, as evidenced by changes in helix orientation; concanamycin additionally interacts with Vph1p TM7, suggesting that both stator and rotor elements contribute to the inhibitor site within the membrane. Comparison of the peptide behavior in lipid bilayers is made with membranous subunit c assemblies of the 16-kDa proteolipid from Nephrops norvegicus, which can substitute functionally for Vma3p in S. cerevisiae.
ASJC Scopus subject areas