Incorporation of Fe in the interlayer of Na-bentonite via treatment with FeCl3 in acetone

Andrea Komlósi, Ernö Kuzmann, Noémi M. Nagy, Zoltán Homonnay, Shiro Kubuki, József Kǒnya

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7 Citations (Scopus)


The effect of FeCl3 in acetonic medium on the structure of Na-bentonite was studied using X-ray diffraction (XRD), 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy, X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy and infrared spectroscopy to describe the structure of the bentonite before and after treatment. In the samples treated with FeCl3, an increase in the basal spacing was found by XRD, while a new magnetically split component assigned to Fe3+ incorporated within the interlayer regions of montmorillonite showed up in the low-temperature Mössbauer spectra. The Mössbauer parameters observed were close to those of Fe oxyhydroxides, suggesting the presence of some kind of nanoparticles. These results show that the treatment with acetonic FeCl3 solution is an effective method for introducing Fe into montmorillonite in the form of Fe3+ accommodated in the interlayer region. The treated samples proved to be efficient Lewis catalysts in the acylation of aldehydes (benzaldehyde and 4-OH-benzaldehyde) by acetic acid anhydride.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)89-95
Number of pages7
JournalClays and Clay Minerals
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2007


  • Bentonite
  • Clay
  • Infrared spectroscopy
  • Interlayer
  • Iron
  • Mössbauer
  • Spectroscopy
  • XRD
  • XRF

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)

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