Incidence of high blood pressure in children - Effects of physical activity and sedentary behaviors: The IDEFICS study: High blood pressure, lifestyle and children

Augusto César Ferreira De Moraes, Heráclito Barbosa Carvalho, Alfonso Siani, Gianvincenzo Barba, Toomas Veidebaum, Michael Tornaritis, D. Molnár, Wolfgang Ahrens, Norman Wirsik, Stefaan De Henauw, Staffan Mårild, Lauren Lissner, Kenn Konstabel, Yannis Pitsiladis, Luis A. Moreno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Background/objectives High blood pressure (HBP) is one of the most important risk factors for cardiovascular diseases and it has a high prevalence in pediatric populations. However, the determinants of the incidence of Pre-HBP and HBP in children are not well known. i) To describe the incidence of HBP in European children; and ii) to evaluate the effect of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) on the Pre-HBP and HBP. Methods The IDEFICS cohort study. A total of 16,228 children 2-9 years at baseline were recruited by complex sampling population-based survey in eight European countries. At baseline (T0), 5221 children were selected for accelerometer measurements; 5061 children were re-examined 2 years later (T1). We estimated the incidence of Pre-HBP and HBP and evaluate the effect of PA and SB on the Pre-HBP and HBP, by computing relative risks and the corresponding 95% confidence intervals (RR, 95% CI). Results Incidences of Pre-HBP and HBP per year were: 121/1000 children and 110/1000 children, respectively. We found that children maintaining SB > 2 h/d during the two year follow-up showed a RR of having HBP of 1.28 (1.03-1.60). Children in T1 not performing the recommended amount of PA (<60 min/d) have a RR of HBP of 1.53 (1.12 to 2.09). We found no association between pre-HBP and the behaviors. Conclusion The incidence of pre-HBP and HBP is high in European children. Maintaining sedentary behaviors during childhood increases the risk of developing HBP after two years of follow-up.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)165-170
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Volume180
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2015

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Life Style
Exercise
Hypertension
Incidence
Population
Cohort Studies
Cardiovascular Diseases

Keywords

  • Children
  • Cohort study
  • Hypertension
  • Lifestyle behaviors
  • Multicenter study

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Incidence of high blood pressure in children - Effects of physical activity and sedentary behaviors : The IDEFICS study: High blood pressure, lifestyle and children. / De Moraes, Augusto César Ferreira; Carvalho, Heráclito Barbosa; Siani, Alfonso; Barba, Gianvincenzo; Veidebaum, Toomas; Tornaritis, Michael; Molnár, D.; Ahrens, Wolfgang; Wirsik, Norman; De Henauw, Stefaan; Mårild, Staffan; Lissner, Lauren; Konstabel, Kenn; Pitsiladis, Yannis; Moreno, Luis A.

In: International Journal of Cardiology, Vol. 180, 01.02.2015, p. 165-170.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

De Moraes, ACF, Carvalho, HB, Siani, A, Barba, G, Veidebaum, T, Tornaritis, M, Molnár, D, Ahrens, W, Wirsik, N, De Henauw, S, Mårild, S, Lissner, L, Konstabel, K, Pitsiladis, Y & Moreno, LA 2015, 'Incidence of high blood pressure in children - Effects of physical activity and sedentary behaviors: The IDEFICS study: High blood pressure, lifestyle and children', International Journal of Cardiology, vol. 180, pp. 165-170. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2014.11.175
De Moraes, Augusto César Ferreira ; Carvalho, Heráclito Barbosa ; Siani, Alfonso ; Barba, Gianvincenzo ; Veidebaum, Toomas ; Tornaritis, Michael ; Molnár, D. ; Ahrens, Wolfgang ; Wirsik, Norman ; De Henauw, Stefaan ; Mårild, Staffan ; Lissner, Lauren ; Konstabel, Kenn ; Pitsiladis, Yannis ; Moreno, Luis A. / Incidence of high blood pressure in children - Effects of physical activity and sedentary behaviors : The IDEFICS study: High blood pressure, lifestyle and children. In: International Journal of Cardiology. 2015 ; Vol. 180. pp. 165-170.
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abstract = "Background/objectives High blood pressure (HBP) is one of the most important risk factors for cardiovascular diseases and it has a high prevalence in pediatric populations. However, the determinants of the incidence of Pre-HBP and HBP in children are not well known. i) To describe the incidence of HBP in European children; and ii) to evaluate the effect of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) on the Pre-HBP and HBP. Methods The IDEFICS cohort study. A total of 16,228 children 2-9 years at baseline were recruited by complex sampling population-based survey in eight European countries. At baseline (T0), 5221 children were selected for accelerometer measurements; 5061 children were re-examined 2 years later (T1). We estimated the incidence of Pre-HBP and HBP and evaluate the effect of PA and SB on the Pre-HBP and HBP, by computing relative risks and the corresponding 95{\%} confidence intervals (RR, 95{\%} CI). Results Incidences of Pre-HBP and HBP per year were: 121/1000 children and 110/1000 children, respectively. We found that children maintaining SB > 2 h/d during the two year follow-up showed a RR of having HBP of 1.28 (1.03-1.60). Children in T1 not performing the recommended amount of PA (<60 min/d) have a RR of HBP of 1.53 (1.12 to 2.09). We found no association between pre-HBP and the behaviors. Conclusion The incidence of pre-HBP and HBP is high in European children. Maintaining sedentary behaviors during childhood increases the risk of developing HBP after two years of follow-up.",
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T1 - Incidence of high blood pressure in children - Effects of physical activity and sedentary behaviors

T2 - The IDEFICS study: High blood pressure, lifestyle and children

AU - De Moraes, Augusto César Ferreira

AU - Carvalho, Heráclito Barbosa

AU - Siani, Alfonso

AU - Barba, Gianvincenzo

AU - Veidebaum, Toomas

AU - Tornaritis, Michael

AU - Molnár, D.

AU - Ahrens, Wolfgang

AU - Wirsik, Norman

AU - De Henauw, Stefaan

AU - Mårild, Staffan

AU - Lissner, Lauren

AU - Konstabel, Kenn

AU - Pitsiladis, Yannis

AU - Moreno, Luis A.

PY - 2015/2/1

Y1 - 2015/2/1

N2 - Background/objectives High blood pressure (HBP) is one of the most important risk factors for cardiovascular diseases and it has a high prevalence in pediatric populations. However, the determinants of the incidence of Pre-HBP and HBP in children are not well known. i) To describe the incidence of HBP in European children; and ii) to evaluate the effect of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) on the Pre-HBP and HBP. Methods The IDEFICS cohort study. A total of 16,228 children 2-9 years at baseline were recruited by complex sampling population-based survey in eight European countries. At baseline (T0), 5221 children were selected for accelerometer measurements; 5061 children were re-examined 2 years later (T1). We estimated the incidence of Pre-HBP and HBP and evaluate the effect of PA and SB on the Pre-HBP and HBP, by computing relative risks and the corresponding 95% confidence intervals (RR, 95% CI). Results Incidences of Pre-HBP and HBP per year were: 121/1000 children and 110/1000 children, respectively. We found that children maintaining SB > 2 h/d during the two year follow-up showed a RR of having HBP of 1.28 (1.03-1.60). Children in T1 not performing the recommended amount of PA (<60 min/d) have a RR of HBP of 1.53 (1.12 to 2.09). We found no association between pre-HBP and the behaviors. Conclusion The incidence of pre-HBP and HBP is high in European children. Maintaining sedentary behaviors during childhood increases the risk of developing HBP after two years of follow-up.

AB - Background/objectives High blood pressure (HBP) is one of the most important risk factors for cardiovascular diseases and it has a high prevalence in pediatric populations. However, the determinants of the incidence of Pre-HBP and HBP in children are not well known. i) To describe the incidence of HBP in European children; and ii) to evaluate the effect of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) on the Pre-HBP and HBP. Methods The IDEFICS cohort study. A total of 16,228 children 2-9 years at baseline were recruited by complex sampling population-based survey in eight European countries. At baseline (T0), 5221 children were selected for accelerometer measurements; 5061 children were re-examined 2 years later (T1). We estimated the incidence of Pre-HBP and HBP and evaluate the effect of PA and SB on the Pre-HBP and HBP, by computing relative risks and the corresponding 95% confidence intervals (RR, 95% CI). Results Incidences of Pre-HBP and HBP per year were: 121/1000 children and 110/1000 children, respectively. We found that children maintaining SB > 2 h/d during the two year follow-up showed a RR of having HBP of 1.28 (1.03-1.60). Children in T1 not performing the recommended amount of PA (<60 min/d) have a RR of HBP of 1.53 (1.12 to 2.09). We found no association between pre-HBP and the behaviors. Conclusion The incidence of pre-HBP and HBP is high in European children. Maintaining sedentary behaviors during childhood increases the risk of developing HBP after two years of follow-up.

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