Incidence of grapevine trunk diseases is influenced by soil, topology and vineyard age, but not by Diplodia seriata infection rate in the Tokaj Wine Region, Hungary

Csilla Kovács, Péter Balling, Zoltán Bihari, Antal Nagy, Erzsébet Sándor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Grapevine Trunk Diseases (GTD) are of great importance worldwide, including Hungary, a Center European country with long wine producing history. Several GTD pathogens have been described till now in Europe, but only a few from Hungary. The presence of a GTD pathogen in the vine does not necessarily result in the immediate appearance of disease symptoms, and information on the importance of environmental factors related to disease incidence are still limited. The aim of this research was to assess the occurrence of GTD in the Tokaj Wine Region, and to determine the biotic and abiotic factors influencing disease incidence. Five vineyards within 15 km radius – each with different topology, soil types, varieties and age – were studied for three consecutive years (2013 – 2015). The incidence of GTD-infection was determined every year for each vineyard. Diplodia seriata was isolated with incidence ranging from 50 to 100%, while Diaporthe spp. were the only other – minor – GTD pathogen found. Topology and soil type appeared to be major abiotic factors affecting incidence of GTD symptom. Disease incidence was also positively correlating with the age of the vineyards, and it was in fact found to be the definitive biotic factor regarding incidence. In contrast, D. seriata infection rate appeared unrelated to disease incidence or to any of the biotic or abiotic factors investigated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21-32
Number of pages12
JournalPhytoparasitica
Volume45
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2017

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Keywords

  • Diplodia seriata
  • Disease incidence
  • Furmint
  • Hárslevelű

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science
  • Insect Science

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