Diabetes mellitus affects 5% of the population of Hungary. Its complications in the oral cavity include parodontosis and changes in the oral mucosa (leukoplakia, lichen oris and glossitis). The incidence of leukoplakia (the most frequent precancerous state in the oral cavity) is 2.2% in the normal population, 6.2% among diabetics, and 11.5% among diabetic who smoke. The various forms of leukoplakia in the oral cavity become malignant in 5-20% of the cases, while the erosive, ulcerative lesions do so in 15-20% of the cases. These data led us to examine the blood glucose levels in 318 patients with histologically confirmed malignant tumours in the oral cavity. Diabetes mellitus was found in 56 of them (17.5%), the blood glucose level being elevated in 31 cases (9.75%). The fact that the incidence of diabetes mellitus among these patients was more than 3 times higher than that for the normal population demonstrates that further studies should be performed on the connection between diabetes mellitus and malignant tumours in the oral cavity.
|Translated title of the contribution||Incidence of diabetes mellitus in patients with malignant tumors of the oral cavity|
|Number of pages||3|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 8 2002|
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