Inbreeding effects on flying performance of racing pigeons

I. Meleg, G. Pakuts, J. Reiczigel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The effect of inbreeding on racing ability of homing pigeons was analysed based on twelve competitions at different distances from 10 km to 202 km. In the experiment we compared the performance of randombred and of inbred (F = 37,5 %) homing pigeons. Number of pigeons was 53 in the control and 71 in the inbred population in the first racing, which was reduced due to disqualifications in the further racings. In most competitions, there was a significant difference, with changing direction, between the median flying speed of the inbred and control pigeons. This may be caused by the different weather conditions, and by the higher sensitivity of the inbred population to weather conditions. The overall median speed of inbred pigeons was less by 21% compared to the control, possibly due to inbreeding. Among the environmental effects wind speed, temperature and back wind were considered, and all of them were found to affect more strongly inbred pigeons than outbreds.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-26
Number of pages4
JournalArchiv fur Geflugelkunde
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2005



  • Competition
  • Flying ability
  • Homing pigeon
  • Inbreeding
  • Weather condition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Animals
  • Animal Science and Zoology

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