In vitro induction of bilirubin conjugation in primary rat hepatocyte culture

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Abstract

UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT1A1) is a critical enzyme in the elimination of bilirubin. The aim of our study was to investigate bilirubin conjugation in primary rat hepatocyte culture and the in vitro inducibility of this isoenzyme by inducing compounds of different classes: dexamethasone, clofibrate, rifampicin, and methylcholanthrene. Hepatocytes exhibited a marked decline in UGT1A1 activity in the first 4 h of culturing (10% of initial activity) and the recovery took 72 h. Immunoblot analysis proved that the loss of enzyme activity was associated with the decrease of protein concentration. Marked induction was detected in the cases of dexamethasone, clofibrate, and rifampicin treatments for 96 h both in enzyme activity (178, 176, and 168%) and in UGT1A1 protein level (362, 328, and 250%). The effects of dexamethasone and clofibrate were additive (210%). Methylcholanthrene had no influence on bilirubin conjugation in our system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-33
Number of pages5
JournalBiochemical and biophysical research communications
Volume291
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002

Keywords

  • Bilirubin
  • Clofibrate
  • Dexamethasone
  • Induction
  • Rifampicin
  • UGT1A1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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