The possible mechanism of activation of the NADPH oxidase by fluoride was investigated in the cell-free system. It is shown that the stimulatory effect of fluoride is inhibited by guanosine 5'-0-(2-thiodiphosphate) (GDP[S]) and potentiated by GTP. The effect of fluoride is not additive with GTP[S]. Fluoride activation requires the presence of Mg2+ in millimolar concentration but is independent of Al3+. The activating effect of fluoride is preserved in solubilized membrane extract after removal of the majority of heterotrimeric GTP-binding proteins by immunoadsorption. Fluoride has no direct action either on the nucleotide exchange or GTP hydrolysis of the isolated Rac protein. In contrast, fluoride effectively inhibits Rac-GTPase activity enhanced by a membrane component. In this way, fluoride could prolong the prevalence of Rac in the GTP-bound state and, as a consequence, activate NADPH oxidase; The possibility of the involvement of a membrane-bound Rac GTPase-activating protein activity in the physiological regulation of the enzyme is raised.
- GTP-binding proteins
- NADPH oxidase
- Neutrophil granulocytes
- Rac-GTPase-activating protein
ASJC Scopus subject areas