In situ fluorescent visualization of nucleolar organizer region- associated proteins with a thiol reagent

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Abstract

Nucleolar organizer regions (NORs) are nucleolus-forming rDNA loops associated with argyrophil proteins, the amount of which varies according to the proliferative state of the cell. It has been presumed that the nucleolar protein-related thiol groups may have a role in selective silver staining. We investigated the nuclear thiol distribution with a fluorescent thiol reagent, coumarinyl-phenyl-maleimide (CPM) in human K-562 myeloblast cultures and found that SH group-related fluorescence was brightest in the area of nucleoli, which became highly selective after RNAse digestion. A remarkable co-localization of AgNOR silver reaction and CPM fluorescence was observed, although occupation of the SH groups by CPM did not prevent the silver staining. We applied the stain to dual-parameter flow cytometry in combination with DNA content measurements, which provide further information on nucleolar function and changes in experimental and pathological specimens.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1413-1417
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry
Volume41
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1993

Fingerprint

Sulfhydryl Reagents
Silver Staining
Sulfhydryl Compounds
Fluorescence
Nucleolus Organizer Region
Granulocyte Precursor Cells
Nuclear Proteins
Ribosomal DNA
Occupations
Silver
Digestion
Flow Cytometry
Coloring Agents
DNA
maleimide
nucleolar organizer region associated proteins
Proteins

Keywords

  • CPM
  • Flow cytometry
  • Nucleolar organizer regions
  • SH groups

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Anatomy

Cite this

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title = "In situ fluorescent visualization of nucleolar organizer region- associated proteins with a thiol reagent",
abstract = "Nucleolar organizer regions (NORs) are nucleolus-forming rDNA loops associated with argyrophil proteins, the amount of which varies according to the proliferative state of the cell. It has been presumed that the nucleolar protein-related thiol groups may have a role in selective silver staining. We investigated the nuclear thiol distribution with a fluorescent thiol reagent, coumarinyl-phenyl-maleimide (CPM) in human K-562 myeloblast cultures and found that SH group-related fluorescence was brightest in the area of nucleoli, which became highly selective after RNAse digestion. A remarkable co-localization of AgNOR silver reaction and CPM fluorescence was observed, although occupation of the SH groups by CPM did not prevent the silver staining. We applied the stain to dual-parameter flow cytometry in combination with DNA content measurements, which provide further information on nucleolar function and changes in experimental and pathological specimens.",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - In situ fluorescent visualization of nucleolar organizer region- associated proteins with a thiol reagent

AU - Méhes, G.

AU - Kálmán, E.

AU - Pajor, L.

PY - 1993

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N2 - Nucleolar organizer regions (NORs) are nucleolus-forming rDNA loops associated with argyrophil proteins, the amount of which varies according to the proliferative state of the cell. It has been presumed that the nucleolar protein-related thiol groups may have a role in selective silver staining. We investigated the nuclear thiol distribution with a fluorescent thiol reagent, coumarinyl-phenyl-maleimide (CPM) in human K-562 myeloblast cultures and found that SH group-related fluorescence was brightest in the area of nucleoli, which became highly selective after RNAse digestion. A remarkable co-localization of AgNOR silver reaction and CPM fluorescence was observed, although occupation of the SH groups by CPM did not prevent the silver staining. We applied the stain to dual-parameter flow cytometry in combination with DNA content measurements, which provide further information on nucleolar function and changes in experimental and pathological specimens.

AB - Nucleolar organizer regions (NORs) are nucleolus-forming rDNA loops associated with argyrophil proteins, the amount of which varies according to the proliferative state of the cell. It has been presumed that the nucleolar protein-related thiol groups may have a role in selective silver staining. We investigated the nuclear thiol distribution with a fluorescent thiol reagent, coumarinyl-phenyl-maleimide (CPM) in human K-562 myeloblast cultures and found that SH group-related fluorescence was brightest in the area of nucleoli, which became highly selective after RNAse digestion. A remarkable co-localization of AgNOR silver reaction and CPM fluorescence was observed, although occupation of the SH groups by CPM did not prevent the silver staining. We applied the stain to dual-parameter flow cytometry in combination with DNA content measurements, which provide further information on nucleolar function and changes in experimental and pathological specimens.

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KW - SH groups

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